Climatic Change

, Volume 90, Issue 4, pp 443–451 | Cite as

An approach to adaptation to climate changes in Poland



Adopted by COP 10 (Dec 1/CP.10) and approved by the MOP1, the Buenos Aires programme of adaptation and response measures opens doors to intensify preparations for expected climate change. By this decision the COP, requested the SBSTA to develop a structured 5-year programme of work of the SBSTA on the scientific, technical and socio-economic aspects of impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change. Consequently, the COP, by its decision 2/CP.11, adopted the “Five-year programme of work of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change” Finally during COP12 this programme was approved as “Nairobi Work Programme on impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change”. This programme has fundamental significance not only for developing countries, but also for industrialized nations in which some sectors of the or social life are particularly vulnerable to climate change, specifically, inter alia EIT countries and new EU Member States. Further development of this adaptation programme economy should contain steps that provide optimum economic and social effectiveness, risk management, identification of vulnerable sectors and gaps in knowledge, preparation of a list of policy options, including an analysis of cost effectiveness, selection of the most effective policies, and a preparedness implementation plan. In Poland the preliminary adaptation programme covered agriculture, water management, and coastal zone management. For the time being, gaps in knowledge and preparedness measures have been identified. An estimation of possible impact on these areas was based on chosen GCMs, and sea level rise IPCC scenarios. In conclusion, it was stated that the results achieved should be seen as a first step forward and a more comprehensive study is necessary to update the results and cover other sectors of the economy, such as health protection, spatial planning, ecosystems and forestry, and to develop specific guidelines and recommendations for policy-makers.


Environ Monitoring Assess Spatial Planning United Nations Framework Convention Coastal Zone Management Polish Economy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Fourth National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 2006 Warsaw.
  2. Górski T, Demidowicz G, Deputat T,Górska K, Krakowiak A, Marcinkowska I, Spoz-Pac W (1994) An empirical model for effects of weather on the yield of potato (in Polish) Materialy XXV Zjazdu Agrometeorologów. Olsztyn-MierkiGoogle Scholar
  3. Kundzewicz Z (2004) Hydrological extremes in the face of climate change in: Potential climate changes and sustainable water management E-4(337) Inst. of Geophysics of the Polish Academy of Science. WarsawGoogle Scholar
  4. Kaczmarek Z (1993) Water balance model for climate impact analysis. Acta Geophys Pol 41:4Google Scholar
  5. Kaczmarek Z, Napiórkowski J (1996) Water management vulnerability and adaptation in: Strategies of the GHG emission reduction and adaptation of the Polish economy to the changed climate. Institute of Environmental Protection. WarsawGoogle Scholar
  6. Kaczmarek Z, Napiorkowski J, Jurak D (1997) Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in Poland. Publ of the Inst of Geophys Pol Acad Sci E-1(295)Google Scholar
  7. Liszewska M, Osuch M (1997) Assessment of the Impact of Global Change Simulated by the ECHAM1/LSG General Circulation Model onto Hydrological Regime of the Three Polish Catchments. Acta Geoph. Polonica XLV(4)Google Scholar
  8. Pruszak Z, Zawadzka E (2005) Vulnerability of Poland’s coast to sea-level rise. Coast Eng J 47(2 & 3):131–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sadowski M, Tomaszewska T (1995) Ocieplenie klimatu a rolnictwo w dorzeczu Noteci. (Climate warming versus agriculture in the Notec River Basin–in Polish), Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu-CCLXXI, MELIOR. I ŚROD. 16: str.89–101Google Scholar
  10. Sadowski M (1996) ed. Strategies of the GHG emission reduction and adaptation of the Polish economy to the changed climate. Institute of Environmental Protection. WarsawGoogle Scholar
  11. Stuczynski T, Demidowicz G, Deputat T, Gorski T, Krsaowicz S, Kus J (2000) Adaptation Scenarios of Agriculture in Poland to Future Climate Change. Environ Monitoring Assess, 61, Kluwer Acad. PublGoogle Scholar
  12. TAR Climate Change (2001) Synthesis Report IPCCGoogle Scholar
  13. Zeidler R at al. (1996) Poland's coast vulnerability to climate change and adaptation assessment 1996 in: Strategies of the GHG emission reduction and adaptation of the Polish economy to the changed climate. Institute of Environmental Protection. WarsawGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Environmental ProtectionWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations