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Czechoslovak Journal of Physics

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 317–339 | Cite as

Radial electric fields and confinement in the TJ-II stellarator

  • L. Krupnik
  • A. Alonso
  • E. Ascasibar
  • T. Estrada
  • C. Hidalgo
  • B. van Milligen
  • M. Ochando
  • M. Pedrosa
  • J. L. de Pablos
  • V. Tribaldos
  • A. Chmyga
  • N. Dreval
  • G. Deshko
  • S. Khrebtov
  • A. Komarov
  • A. Kozachok
  • V. Tereshin
  • L. Eliseev
  • A. Melnikov
  • C. Silva
Article

Abstract

Radial plasma potential profiles have been obtained in the TJ-II by the Heavy Ion Beam Probing (HIBP) diagnostics. Results show that the potential increases up to 1 kV near the magnetic axis in ECRH low-density plasmas. The secondary ion current profiles, which directly reflect the plasma density, are hollow. In low-density ECRH operation, radial electric fields are found to be positive in the plasma core, however, a reduction in these fields is observed with increasing density. Radial plasma potential profiles show evidence of structures in configurations with low-order rational surfaces. In particular, HIBP measurements have permitted characterization of the plasma potential profile during e-ITB formation. Experiments in TJ-II have shown that it is possible to modify the global confinement and edge plasma parameters with limiter biasing, illustrating the direct impact of radial electric fields on confinement properties. Plasma potential measurements by the HIBP diagnostic show a strong impact of heating method (ECRH versus NBI) on radial electric fields.

Key words

TJ-II stellarator radial electric field HIBP ITB 

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Copyright information

© Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Krupnik
    • 1
  • A. Alonso
    • 2
  • E. Ascasibar
    • 2
  • T. Estrada
    • 2
  • C. Hidalgo
    • 2
  • B. van Milligen
    • 2
  • M. Ochando
    • 2
  • M. Pedrosa
    • 2
  • J. L. de Pablos
    • 2
  • V. Tribaldos
    • 2
  • A. Chmyga
    • 3
  • N. Dreval
    • 3
  • G. Deshko
    • 3
  • S. Khrebtov
    • 3
  • A. Komarov
    • 3
  • A. Kozachok
    • 3
  • V. Tereshin
    • 3
  • L. Eliseev
    • 4
  • A. Melnikov
    • 4
  • C. Silva
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Plasma PhysicsNSC KIPTKharkovUkraine
  2. 2.Laboratorio Nacional de Fusión. EURATOM-CIEMATMadridSpain
  3. 3.Institute of Plasma PhysicsNSC KIPTKharkovUkraine
  4. 4.Institute of Nuclear Fusion, RRC Kurchatov InstituteMoscowRussia
  5. 5.Associação EURATOM/IST, Centro de Fusão NuclearLisboaPortugal

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