Advertisement

Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 86–99 | Cite as

Maternal Sensitivity Predicts Fewer Sleep Problems at Early Adolescence for Toddlers with Negative Emotionality: A Case of Differential Susceptibility

  • Anne Conway
  • Anahid Modrek
  • Prakash Gorroochurn
Original Article

Abstract

Theory underscores the importance of parenting in sleep development, but few studies have examined whether links vary by temperament. To address this gap, we tested whether potential links between early maternal sensitivity and early adolescent sleep problems varied by child negative emotionality and delay of gratification. Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 820), we found that high maternal sensitivity predicted fewer bedtime problems and longer sleep duration at 6th grade for toddlers with high negative emotionality, whereas low maternal sensitivity predicted the reverse. No differences were observed for low negative emotionality. Moreover, delay of gratification predicted fewer bedtime problems at 6th grade, but did not moderate associations between maternal sensitivity, negative emotionality, and sleep. Findings demonstrate that high, but not low, negative emotionality renders toddlers differentially susceptible and receptive to maternal sensitivity in relation to sleep.

Keywords

Differential susceptibility Maternal sensitivity Negative emotionality Delay of gratification Sleep problems 

Supplementary material

10578_2017_730_MOESM1_ESM.docx (129 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 128 KB)

References

  1. 1.
    Carskadon MA, Vieira C, Acebo C (1993) Associations between puberty and delayed phase preference. Sleep 16:258–262CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cain N, Gradisar M (2010) Electronic media use and sleep in school-aged children and adolescents. Sleep Med 11(8):735–742CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Carskadon MA (2002) Factors influencing sleep patterns of adolescents. In: Carskadon MA (ed) Adolescent sleep patterns: biological, social, and psychological influences. Cambridge University Press, New York, pp 4–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dahl RE, Lewin DS (2002) Pathways to adolescent health: sleep regulation and behavior. J Adolesc Health 31:175–184CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dahl RE (1996) The regulation of sleep and arousal: development and psychopathology. Dev Psychopathol 8:3–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dahl RE, El-Sheikh M (2007) Considering sleep in a family context: introduction to the special issue. J Fam Psychol 21:1–3CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Adam EK, Snell EK, Pendry P (2007) Sleep timing and quantity in ecological and family context: a nationally representative time-diary study. J Fam Psychol 21:4–19CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Brand S, Hatzinger M, Beck J, Holsboer-Trachsler E (2009) Perceived parenting styles, personality traits and sleep patterns in adolescents. J Adolesc 32:1189–1207CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cousins JC, Bootzin RR, Stevens SJ, Ruiz BS, Haynes PL (2007) Parental involvement, psychological distress, and sleep: a preliminary examination in sleep-disturbed adolescents with a history of substance abuse. J Fam Psychol 21(1):104–113CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    De Vrijer L, Meijer AM, Wissink I, Dekovic M (2014) Slaapgedrag van adolescenten in relatie tot opvoeding en gedragsproblemen in drie etnische groepen (adolescent sleep, parenting, and problem behaviour in three ethnic groups). Child Adolesc 35:37–52Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bordeleau S, Bernier A, Carrier J (2012) Longitudinal associations between the quality of parent-child interactions and children’s sleep at preschool age. J Fam Psychol 26:254–262CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bell BG, Belsky J (2008) Parents, parenting, and children’s sleep problems: exploring reciprocal effects. Br J Dev Psychol 26:579–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Meijer AM, Reitz E, Dekovic M (2016) Parenting matters: a longitudinal study into parenting and adolescent sleep. J Sleep Res 25(5):556–564CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bates JE, Viken RJ, Alexander DB, Beyers J, Stockton L (2002) Sleep and adjustment in preschool children: sleep diary reports by mothers relate to behavior reports by teachers. Child Dev 73:62–74CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Maume DJ (2013) Social ties and adolescent sleep disruption. J Health Soc Behav 54(4):498–515CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dearing E, McCartney K, Marshall NL, Warner RM (2001) Parental reports of children’s sleep and wakefulness: longitudinal associations with cognitive and language outcomes. Infant Behav Dev 24:151–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rothbart MK, Bates JE (2006) Temperament. In: Damon W, Lerner R, Eisenberg N (eds) Handbook of child psychology, vol 3. Social, emotional, and personality development. Wiley, New York, pp 99–166Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zuckerman B, Stevenson J, Bailey V (1987) Sleep problems in early childhood: continuities, predictive factors, and behavioral correlates. Pediatrics 80:664–671PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Scher A (2001) Attachment and sleep: a study of night waking in 12-month-old infants. Dev Psychobiol 38(4):274–285CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    El-Sheikh M, Buckhalt JA (2005) Vagal regulation and emotional intensity predict children’s sleep problems. Dev Psychobiol 46(4):307–317CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Patten CA, Choi WS, Gillin JC, Pierce JP (2000) Depressive symptoms and cigarette smoking predict development and persistence of sleep problems in US adolescents. Pediatrics 106(2):E23CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Willis TA, Gregory AM (2015) Anxiety disorders and sleep in children and adolescents. Sleep Med Clin 10(2):125–131CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Goodnight JA, Bates JE, Staples AD et al (2007) Temperamental resistance to control increases the association between sleep problems and externalizing behavior development. J Fam Psychol 21:39–48CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Foley LS, Maddison R, Jiang Y et al (2013) Presleep activities and time of sleep onset in children. Pediatrics 131:276–282CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Moore M, Slane J, Mindell JA et al (2010) Sleep problems and temperament in adolescents. Child Care Health Dev 37:559–562CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Carlborg O, Haley CS (2004) Epistasis: too often neglected in complex trait studies. Nat Rev Genet 5:618–625CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Eisenberg N, Cumberland A, Spinrad T, Fabes R, Shepard S, Reiser M et al (2001) The relations of regulation and emotionality to children’s externalizing and internalizing problem behavior. Child Dev 72:1112–1134CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Belsky J, Beaver KM (2011) Cumulative-genetic plasticity, parenting, and adolescent self-regulation. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 52:619–626CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zuckerman M (1999) Vulnerability to psychopathology: a biosocial model. American Psychological Association, Washington, DCCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Belsky J, Hsieh KH, Crnic K (1998) Mothering, fathering, and infant negativity as antecedents of boys’ externalizing problems and inhibition at age 3 years: differential susceptibility to rearing experience? Dev Psychopathol 10(2):301–319CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kochanska G, Kim S (2013) Difficult temperament moderates links between maternal responsiveness and children’s compliance and behavior problems in low-income families. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54(3):323–332CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Choe DE, Olson SL, Sameroff AJ (2014) Effortful control moderates bidirectional effects between children’s externalizing behavior and their mothers’ depressive symptoms. Child Dev 85(2):643–658CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Belsky J (1997) Variation in susceptibility to rearing influences: an evolutionary argument. Psychol Inq 8:182–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pluess M, Belsky J (2009) Differential susceptibility to rearing experience: the case of childcare. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 50(4):396–404CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pluess M, Belsky J (2010) Differential susceptibility to parenting and quality child care. Dev Psychol 46:379–390CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Conway A, Stifter CA (2012) Longitudinal antecedents of executive function in preschoolers. Child Dev 83(3):1022–1036CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Slagt M, Dubas JS, Dekovic M, van Aken MAG (2016) Differences in sensitivity to parenting depending on child temperament: a meta-analysis. Psychol Bull 142(10):1068–1110CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Pluess M, Belsky J (2013) Vantage sensitivity: individual differences in response to positive experiences. Psychol Bull 139:901–916CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Slagt M, Dubas JS, van Aken MAG (2015) Differential susceptibility to parenting in middle childhood: do impulsivity, effortful control and negative emotionality indicate susceptibility or vulnerability? Infant Child Dev 25(4):302–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (2002) Early child care and children’s development prior to school entry: results from the NICHD study of early child care. Am Educ Res J 39:133–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (1999) Child care and mother-child interaction in the first three years of life. Dev Psychol 35:1399–1413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Egeland B, Hiester M (1993) Teaching task rating scales. Institute of Child Development, University of MinnesotaGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    NICHD Early Child Care Research Network (2003) Do children’s attention processes mediate the link between family predictors and school readiness? Dev Psychol 39(3):581–593CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Mischel W, Ebbesen EB (1970) Attention in delay of gratification. J Pers Soc Psychol 16(2):329–337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Owens JA, Spirito A, McGuinn M (2000) The Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ): psychometric properties of a survey instrument for school-aged children. Sleep 23(8):1043–1051CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Reynolds KC, Alfano CA (2016) Childhood bedtime problems predict adolescent internalizing symptoms through emotional reactivity. J Pediatr Psychol. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsw014 PubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Evans GW, English K (2002) The environment of poverty: multiple stressor exposure, psychophysiological stress, and socioemotional adjustment. Child Dev 73(4):1238–1248CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Silverman IW (2003) Gender differences in delay of gratification: a meta-analysis. Sex Roles 49(9–10):451–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Troxel WM, Trentacosta CJ, Forbes EE, Campbell SB (2013) Negative emotionality moderates associations among attachment, toddler sleep, and later behavior problems. J Fam Psychol 27(1):127–136CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Petersen AC, Crockett L, Richards M, Boxer A (1988) A self-report measure of pubertal status: reliability, validity, and initial norms. J Youth Adolesc 17:117–133CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Radloff LS (1977) The CES-D Scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Appl Psychol Meas 1(3):385–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Bradley RH, Pennar A, Denny T, Iida, M (2015) Ebb and flow in parent-child interactions: shifts from early through middle childhood. Parent Sci Pract 15(4):295–320CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    IBM Corp (2015) SPSS statistics for Mac, Version 24.0. IBM Corp, ArmonkGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Widaman KF, Helm JL, Castro-Schilo L, Pluess M, Stallings MC, Belsk J (2012) Distinguishing ordinal and disordinal interactions. Psychol Methods 17:615–622CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Aiken LS, West SG (1991) Multiple regression: testing and interpreting interactions. Sage, Newbury ParkGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Belsky J, Pluess M, Widaman KF (2013) Confirmatory and competitive evaluation of alternative gene-environment interaction hypotheses. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 54(10):1135–1143CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Boyce WT, Ellis BJ (2005) Biological sensitivity to context: I. an evolutionary-developmental theory of the origins and functions of stress reactivity. Dev Psychopathol 17:271–301CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Pérez-Edgar K, Roberson-Nay R, Hardin MG, Poeth K, Guyer AE, Nelson EE et al (2007) Attention alters neural responses to evocative faces in behaviorally inhibited adolescents. NeuroImage 35:1538–1546CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Bar-Haim Y, Fox NA, Benson B, Guyer AE, Williams A, Nelson EE et al (2009) Neural correlates of reward processing in adolescents with a history of inhibited temperament. Psychol Sci 20:1009–1018CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    McHale SM, Kim JY, Kan M, Updegraff KA (2011) Sleep in Mexican-American adolescents: social ecological and well-being correlates. J Youth Adolesc 40:666–679CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    El-Sheikh M, Buckhalt JA, Mize J et al (2006) Marital conflict and disruption of children’s sleep. Child Dev 77(1):31–43CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Fredrickson BL, Mancuso RA, Branigan C, Tugade MM (2000) The undoing effects of positive emotions. Motiv Emot 24(4):237–258CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Tronick EZ, Gianino AF (1986) The transmission of maternal disturbance to the infant. New Dir Child Dev 34:5–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Steinberg L, Dahl R, Keating D, Kupfer DJ, Masten AS, Pine DS (2006) Psychopathology in adolescence: integrating affective neuroscience with the study of context: developmental neuroscience. In: Cicchetti D, Cohen D (eds) Developmental psychopathology: developmental neuroscience. Wiley, New York, pp 710–741Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Gregory AM, Sadeh A (2016) Annual research review: sleep problems in childhood psychiatric disorders—a review of the latest science. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 57(3):296–317CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Goodlin-Jones BL, Tang K, Liu J, Anders TF (2008) Sleep patterns in preschool-age children with autism, developmental delay, and typical development. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 47(8):930–938CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne Conway
    • 1
  • Anahid Modrek
    • 2
    • 3
  • Prakash Gorroochurn
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Social Work and Columbia Population Research CenterColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of Education and Information StudiesUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.R620 Department of BiostatisticsColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations