Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 290–304 | Cite as

Persistence of Sleep Problems in Children with Anxiety and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders

  • Berit Hjelde Hansen
  • Benedicte Skirbekk
  • Beate Oerbeck
  • Tore Wentzel-Larsen
  • Hanne Kristensen
Original Article


This study examines the persistence of sleep problems over 18 months in 76 referred children with anxiety disorders and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) and 31 nonreferred controls, and explores predictors of sleep problems at follow-up (T2) in the referred children. Diagnoses were assessed at initial assessment (T1) using the semi-structured interview Kaufman Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia. Sleep problems were assessed using the Children’s Sleep Habit Questionnaire at T1 and at T2. Persistence rate of total sleep problems in the clinical range was 72.4 % in referred children, and did not differ significantly between children with a T1 diagnosis of anxiety disorder (76.0 %), ADHD (70.6 %), anxiety disorder and ADHD (68.8 %) or nonreferred controls (50.0 %) The total sleep problems score at T1 significantly predicted the total sleep problems score at T2, whereas age, sex, parent education level and total number of life events did not.


Sleep Child Anxiety ADHD Follow-up study 



The study was performed at the Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern Norway. The study was funded by the Norwegian Research Council.

Conflict of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Berit Hjelde Hansen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Benedicte Skirbekk
    • 1
    • 3
  • Beate Oerbeck
    • 1
  • Tore Wentzel-Larsen
    • 1
    • 4
  • Hanne Kristensen
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental HealthEastern and Southern NorwayOsloNorway
  2. 2.Division of Mental Health ServicesAkershus University HospitalLorenskogNorway
  3. 3.Nic Waals InstituteLovisenberg Diakonale HospitalOsloNorway
  4. 4.Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress StudiesOsloNorway

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