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Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 215–225 | Cite as

Psychiatric Morbidity of Second and Third Grade Primary School Children in Korea

  • H. I. Yoo
  • S. C. Cho
  • B. N. Kim
  • S. Y. Kim
  • M. S. Shin
  • K. E. Hong
Article

Abstract

This study was undertaken to identify psychiatric morbidity among Korean second and third elementary school children using an objective diagnostic interview tool. Data from 5,118 (2,723 boys, 2,395 girls; mean age = 8.41 years (SD = 0.66)) second and third grade schoolchildren were drawn from 28 elementary schools. After initial screening assessments using the 28-item Child Problem-Behavior Screening Test for parents, 672 primary caregivers were subjected to secondary screening using the Korean version of the CBCL. Two hundred and seventy-one high-risk children selected according to the K-CBCL results, 138 (50.9%) children and their primary caregivers were interviewed using the Korean version of K-SADS-PL for objective DSM-IV psychiatric diagnoses. Sixty-four (46.4%) of the hundred and thirty eight children were determined to have at least one psychiatric disorder. More boys were diagnosed as psychiatric patients than girls (46 males, 18 females; OR = 2.21). The most frequently diagnosed disorder was ADHD (46/64; 71.9%), followed by tic disorder, anxiety disorders, mental retardation, oppositional defiant disorder, and separation anxiety disorder. Two or more comorbid psychiatric disorders were found in 22 (34.4%) of the 64 patients. The computed crude percentage of psychiatric patients in this study was 4.12%, which is similar to previously published data.

Key words

Psychiatric morbidity Korea elementary school CBCL K-SADS-PL 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. I. Yoo
    • 1
  • S. C. Cho
    • 1
  • B. N. Kim
    • 1
  • S. Y. Kim
    • 2
  • M. S. Shin
    • 3
  • K. E. Hong
    • 3
  1. 1.Seoul National UniversityKorea
  2. 2.College of MedicineChungang UniversityKorea
  3. 3.Seoul National UniversityKorea

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