Chromosome Research

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 277–282 | Cite as

Characterization of a complex rearrangement with interstitial deletions and inversion on human chromosome 1

  • Marzena Gajecka
  • Caron D. Glotzbach
  • Lisa G. Shaffer


Deletion of the distal band of the short arm of chromosome 1 (monosomy 1p36) is the most common terminal deletion syndrome, occurring in about 1 in 5000 newborns. Of the 121 subjects ascertained for our study to date, 12 (9.9%) have interstitial deletions, three of which are complex rearrangements showing more than one deletion. Herein we report the characterization of a complex rearrangement with two interstitial deletions in the same chromosome 1p36.33-p36.23. We narrowed and analyzed the breakpoints and junctions between the sequence fragments involved in the rearrangement to determine the structure of this deleted chromosome 1. The analyses of the DNA sequence at the junctions showed additional complexity: an inversion and a third de-novo interstitial deletion. We reconstructed this complex rearrangement of 1p36 to understand the mechanism of formation. Analysis of the breakpoint junctions revealed that three of the four breakpoints each interrupted a gene. Alignments of the junctions showed the lack of any sequence similarity between the breakpoints, suggesting the involvement of non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) in the ligation of broken ends following deletion. The identification of translin recognition sites in the breakpoints suggests translin involvement in the repair of broken chromosomes. This report is one of the first to examine constitutional chromosomal rearrangements at the DNA sequence level. The discovery of cryptic events in seemingly simple chromosome rearrangements may provide the basis for proposing mechanisms of formation.

Key words

chromosome rearrangement deletion human cytogenetics inversion 1p36.33-p36.23 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marzena Gajecka
    • 1
  • Caron D. Glotzbach
    • 1
  • Lisa G. Shaffer
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Health Research and Education CenterWashington State UniversitySpokaneUSA
  2. 2.Signature Genomic Laboratories, LLCSpokaneUSA

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