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Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology

, Volume 25, Issue 7, pp 1107–1122 | Cite as

Expression and Induction of Secretory Phospholipase A Group IB in Brain

  • Miriam Kolko
  • Nanna R. Christoffersen
  • Hélène Varoqui
  • Nicolas G. Bazan1
Original Research

Summary

Secretory phospholipases A2 (sPLA2) form a diverse family of enzymes involved in physiologicand pathologic processes. Common among all sPLA2 is the ability to cleave acyl groups of phospholipids at 2C of the glycerol backbone, thereby releasingfatty acid and a lysophospholipid. Several sPLA2 have been cloned and characterized in various tissues.Furthermore, receptors have been identified. In the nervous system sPLA2 groups IIA, IIE, IIF, V, and XII have been identified, and binding sites for sPLA2 group IB (sPLA2-IB) have been found. Here, we report sPLA2-IB in rat and human brain as well as in neurons in primary culture. The distribution of sPLA2-IB seems to be mainly neuronal, with the highest abundance occurring in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. We also find that genes encoding sPLA2-IB are induced by kainic acid and by electroshock-induced convulsions.Based on the present results we suggest that sPLA2-IB may be a neuronal intercellular signalling modulator.

Key Words

secretory phospholipase A2 group IB neuronal expression seizure epilepsy gene induction 

Abbreviations:

AA

arachidonic acid

Ca2+

calcium

ORF

open reading frame

RT-PCR

reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction

sPLA2

secreted phospholipase A2

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miriam Kolko
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nanna R. Christoffersen
    • 1
  • Hélène Varoqui
    • 1
  • Nicolas G. Bazan1
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Neuroscience Center of Excellence and Department of OphthalmologyLouisiana State University Health Sciences Center School of MedicineNew Orleans
  2. 2.Present address: Eye Pathology InstituteUniversity of CopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.LSU Neuroscience Center of ExcellenceNew Orleans

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