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Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 7, pp 4155–4166 | Cite as

An effective removal of organic dyes using surface functionalized cellulose acetate/graphene oxide composite nanofibers

  • Nada M. Aboamera
  • Alaa Mohamed
  • Ahmed Salama
  • T. A. Osman
  • A. Khattab
Original Paper
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

An effective photocatalyst obtained from composite nanofibers CA/GO fabricated by electrospinning technique followed by chemical crosslinking surface modified TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) was used for removing the organic dyes Indigo carmine (IC) and Methylene blue (MB) from an aqueous solution under UV irradiation light. The crystalline structure and morphologies of CA–GO/TiO2–NH2 composite nanofibers were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD, and FTIR. The prepared CA–GO/TiO2–NH2 composite nanofibers displayed significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity for photodegradation the organic dyes IC and MB under UV irradiation after 150 and 250 min respectively. The pH value of the solution was studied from 2 to 8 and obtained results showed a clear improvement of photocatalytic activity at pH 2. The results indicated that the activated CA–GO/TiO2–NH2 composite nanofibers functioned as an adsorbent for the removal of IC and MB from aqueous solutions. In addition, the results showed a high adsorption capacity remain up to 65% after five consecutive capacity cycles.

Keywords

Graphene oxide Cellulose acetate Composite nanofibers Photocatalytic Organic contaminants Electrospinning 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Production Engineering and Printing Technology DepartmentAkhbar El Yom AcademyGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Egypt Nanotechnology Center, EGNCCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  3. 3.Membrane Technology Department, Institute of Functional Interfaces (IFG)Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)Eggenstein-LeopoldshafenGermany
  4. 4.Department of Production Engineering and Manufacturing TechnologyModern Academy for Engineering and Technology in MaadiCairoEgypt
  5. 5.Mechanical Design and Production Engineering DepartmentCairo UniversityGizaEgypt

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