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Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 7, pp 3853–3859 | Cite as

Superheated steam pretreatment of cellulose affects its electrospinnability for microfibrillated cellulose production

  • Mohd Nor Faiz Norrrahim
  • Hidayah Ariffin
  • Tengku Arisyah Tengku Yasim-Anuar
  • Ferial Ghaemi
  • Mohd Ali Hassan
  • Nor Azowa Ibrahim
  • Janet Lim Hong Ngee
  • Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus
Original Paper
  • 118 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, oil palm mesocarp fiber (OPMF) was pretreated with (1) superheated steam (SHS) and (2) potassium hydroxide (KOH) to remove hemicellulose. Both SHS–OPMF and KOH–OPMF underwent delignification step to isolate the cellulose and dissolved in selected ionic liquid and its co-solvent before being electrospun to obtain microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). FE-SEM images showed that SHS–OPMF cellulose produced discontinuous MFC fiber with diameter ranging from 100 to 500 nm, of which 15.5% were in the range of 100–200 nm; while KOH–OPMF cellulose produced continuous MFC with sizes larger than 200 nm. The differences in fiber size and continuity of fiber produced were due to incomplete removal of hemicellulose from SHS–OPMF sample that inhibited fiber re-coalescence and resulted in interruption in fiber formation.

Keywords

Microfibrillated cellulose Hemicellulose Superheated steam Electrospinning 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia (MOHE) for funding this research and for the provision of MyBrain 15 scholarship to the first and third authors. Authors would like to thank Seri Ulu Langat Palm Oil Mill for the provision of oil palm biomass.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd Nor Faiz Norrrahim
    • 1
  • Hidayah Ariffin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tengku Arisyah Tengku Yasim-Anuar
    • 2
  • Ferial Ghaemi
    • 2
  • Mohd Ali Hassan
    • 1
  • Nor Azowa Ibrahim
    • 3
  • Janet Lim Hong Ngee
    • 3
  • Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular SciencesUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Biopolymer and Derivatives, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP)Universiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  4. 4.Department of Chemistry, Centre for Defence Foundation StudiesUniversiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM)Kuala LumpurMalaysia

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