Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 7, pp 4167–4177 | Cite as

Effect of aluminosilicate on flame-retardant and mechanical properties of lignocellulose composite

  • Baokang Dang
  • Yipeng Chen
  • Ning Yang
  • Chunde Jin
  • Qingfeng Sun
Original Paper

Abstract

Functionalized lignocellulose (LC) wrapped with aluminosilicate was fabricated via a facial mechanical grinding assisted hot-pressing method, which used for flame retardant composite. The aluminosilicate particles with an average size of 3 μm were distributed on the lignocellulose surface by hydrogen bonds and viscous polyacrylamide (PAM). The as-prepared aluminosilicate-PAM/lignocellulose (A-PAM/LC) composite exhibited the excellent flame-retardancy and mechanical properties. The thermal decomposition of A-PAM/LC composite delayed by 31 °C as the aluminosilicate was loaded. The heat release rate (HRR) and total heat release (THR) of A-PAM/LC composite was reduced by 20.6 and 41.1%, respectively. Meanwhile, the A-PAM/LC composite showed the maximum bending strength of 34.23 ± 1.52 MPa and increased by 67.3% compared to the PAM/LC composite.

Graphical Abstract

Aluminosilicate wrapped PAM/lignocellulose composite showed excellent flame-retardant and mechanical properties.

Keywords

Lignocellulose Flame retardancy Mechanical properties Thermal analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Special Fund for Forest Scientific Research in the Public Welfare (Grant No. 201504501), Scientific Research Foundation of Zhejiang A&F University (Grant No. 2014FR077).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interests.

References

  1. Aisyah HA, Paridah MT, Sahri MH, Anwar UMK, Astimar AA (2013) Properties of medium density fibreboard (MDF) from Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) core as function of refining conditions. Compos Part B Eng 44:592–596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akgül M (2013) Suitability of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) stalks for medium density fiberboards production. Compos Part B Eng 45:925–929CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ballner D et al (2016) Lignocellulose nanofiber-reinforced polystyrene produced from composite microspheres obtained in suspension polymerization shows superior mechanical performance. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:13520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bledzki AK, Mamun AA, Volk J (2010) Physical, chemical and surface properties of wheat husk, rye husk and soft wood and their polypropylene composites. Compos Part A Appl Sci 41:480–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Camargo FA, Innocentinimei LH, Lemes AP, Moraes SG, Duran N (2012) Processing and characterization of composites of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) and lignin from sugar cane bagasse. J Compos Mater 46:417–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cheema HA, El-Shafei A, Hauser PJ (2013) Conferring flame retardancy on cotton using novel halogen-free flame retardant bifunctional monomers: synthesis, characterizations and applications. Carbohydr Polym 92:885–893CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen T et al (2016) Mesoporous aluminosilicate material with hierarchical porosity for ultralow density wood fiber composite (ULD_WFC). Acs Sustain Chem, Eng, p 4Google Scholar
  8. Dang B, Chen Y, Shen X, Chen B, Sun Q, Jin C (2017) Fabrication of a nano-ZnO/polyethylene/wood-fiber composite with enhanced microwave absorption and photocatalytic activity via a facile hot-press method. Materials 10:1267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dang B, Chen Y, Wang H et al (2018a) Preparation of high mechanical performance nano-Fe O/wood fiber binderless composite boards for electromagnetic absorption via a facile and green method. Nanomaterials 8(1):52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dang B, Chen Y, Yang N et al (2018b) Effect of carbon fiber addition on the electromagnetic shielding properties of carbon fiber/polyacrylamide/wood based fiberboards. Nanotechnology 29(19):195605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dumont JW, Marquardt AE, Cano AM, George SM (2017) Thermal atomic layer etching of SiO2 by a “conversion-etch” mechanism using sequential reactions of trimethylaluminum and hydrogen fluoride. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:10296–10307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gawande MB et al (2011) Synthesis and characterization of versatile MgO–ZrO2 mixed metal oxide nanoparticles and their applications. Catal Sci Technol 1:1653–1664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo B et al (2017) Efficient flame-retardant and smoke-suppression properties of Mg–Al-layered double-hydroxide nanostructures on wood substrate. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:23039CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hansen N, Schenk M, Kai M, Kohse-Höinghaus K (2016) Investigating repetitive reaction pathways for the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in combustion processes. Combust Flame 180:250–261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hong H, Liu H, Zhang H, He H, Liu T, Jia D (2018) Flame retarded polyethylene/wood flour composites with high performances: satisfying both sides with intumescent flame retardants and synergistic compatibilizers, respectively. Polym Compos 39:569–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Horseman T, Tajvidi M, Diop CIK et al (2017) Preparation and property assessment of neat lignocellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and their composite films. Cellulose 24:2455–2468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jiang L, Yan J, Hao L, Xue R, Sun G, Yi B (2013) High rate performance activated carbons prepared from ginkgo shells for electrochemical supercapacitors. Carbon 56:146–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kiziltas A, Nazari B, Kiziltas EE, Gardner DJS, Han Y, Rushing TS (2016) Cellulose NANOFIBER-polyethylene nanocomposites modified by polyvinyl alcohol. J Appl Polym, Sci, p 133Google Scholar
  19. Klemm D, Kramer F, Moritz S, Lindström T, Ankerfors M, Gray D, Dorris A (2011) Nanocelluloses: a new family of nature-based materials. Angew Chem Int Ed 50:5438–5466CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kocaman S, Karaman M, Gursoy M, Ahmetli G (2017) Chemical and plasma surface modification of lignocellulose coconut waste for the preparation of advanced biobased composite materials. Carbohydr Polym 159:48–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Leng X et al (2016) In situ prepared reduced graphene oxide/CoO nanowires mutually-supporting porous structure with enhanced lithium storage performance. Electrochim Acta 190:276–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li X, Zhang K, Shi R, Ma X, Tan L, Ji Q, Xia Y (2017) Enhanced flame-retardant properties of cellulose fibers by incorporation of acid-resistant magnesium-oxide microcapsules. Carbohydr Polym 176:246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liu M, Meyer AS, Fernando D, Silva DAS, Daniel G, Thygesen A (2016) Effect of pectin and hemicellulose removal from hemp fibres on the mechanical properties of unidirectional hemp/epoxy composites. Compos Part A Appl Sci 90:724–735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mahmood H, Vanzetti L, Bersani M, Pegoretti A (2018) Mechanical properties and strain monitoring of glass-epoxy composites with graphene-coated fibers. Compos Part A Appl Sci 107:112–123.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2017.12.023 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mulyantara LT, Harsono H, Maryana R, Jin G, Das AK, Ohi H (2016) Properties of thermomechanical pulps derived from sugarcane bagasse and oil palm empty fruit bunches. Ind Crop Prod 98:139–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nayeri DM et al (2014) Medium density fibreboard made from Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) stem: effect of thermo-mechanical refining and resin content. BioResources 9:2372–2381Google Scholar
  27. Pornwannachai W (2015) Flame retardant natural fibre composites for high performance applications. Dissertation, University of BoltonGoogle Scholar
  28. Qian X et al (2013) Novel organic–inorganic flame retardants containing exfoliated graphene: preparation and their performance on the flame retardancy of epoxy resins. J Mater Chem A 1:6822–6830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Quintelas C, Figueiredo H, Tavares T (2011) The effect of clay treatment on remediation of diethylketone contaminated wastewater: uptake, equilibrium and kinetic studies. J Hazard Mater 186:1241–1248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rao X, Liu Y, Fu Y, Liu Y, Yu H (2016) Formation and properties of polyelectrolytes/TiO2 composite coating on wood surfaces through layer-by-layer assembly method. Holzforschung 70:361–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shi SQ, Gardner DJ (2006) Hygroscopic thickness swelling rate of compression molded wood fiberboard and wood fiber/polymer composites Compos. Part A-Appl. Sci. 37:1276–1285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Subasinghe A, Bhattacharyya D (2014) Performance of different intumescent ammonium polyphosphate flame retardants in PP/kenaf fibre composites. Compos Part A Appl Sci 65:91–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sun Q, Yu H, Liu Y, Li J, Cui Y, Lu Y (2010) Prolonging the combustion duration of wood by TiO2 coating synthesized using cosolvent-controlled hydrothermal method. J Mater Sci 45:6661–6667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Varghese J, Joseph T, Surendran KP, Rajan TP, Sebastian MT (2015) Hafnium silicate: a new microwave dielectric ceramic with low thermal expansivity. Dalton Trans 44:5146–5152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vasiljević J, Jerman I et al (2015) Functionalization of cellulose fibres with DOPO-polysilsesquioxane flame retardant nanocoating. Cellulose 22:1893–1910CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wang W, Zhang W, Chen H, Zhang S, Li J (2015) Synergistic effect of synthetic zeolites on flame-retardant wood-flour/polypropylene composites. Constr Build Mater 79:337–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wang B, Sheng H, Shi Y, Song L, Zhang Y, Hu Y, Hu W (2016a) The influence of zinc hydroxystannate on reducing toxic gases (CO, NOx and HCN) generation and fire hazards of thermoplastic polyurethane composites. J Hazard Mater 314:260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wang C, Xiong Y, Fan B et al (2016b) Cellulose as an adhesion agent for the synthesis of lignin aerogel with strong mechanical performance, sound-absorption and thermal insulation. Sci Rep 6:32383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xu KM, Li KF, Deng YP, Yan X, Xie CP (2012) Effect of inorganic flame retardant on the properties of wood/PVC composites. Adv Mater Res 430–432:110–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Xu L et al (2014) Synthesis and thermal degradation property study of N-vinylpyrrolidone and acrylamide copolymer. Rsc Adv 4:33269–33278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Zhang J, Kong Q, Yang L, Wang DY (2016) Few layered Co(OH)2 ultrathin nanosheet-based polyurethane nanocomposites with reduced fire hazard: from eco-friendly flame retardance to sustainable recycling. Green Chem 18:3066–3074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Zhang L, Liang S, Chen Z (2018) Influence of particle size and addition of recycling phenolic foam on mechanical and flame retardant properties of wood-phenolic composites. Constr Build Mater 168:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EngineeringZhejiang A&F UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations