, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 3635–3647 | Cite as

UV-blocking, superhydrophobic and robust cotton fabrics fabricated using polyvinylsilsesquioxane and nano-TiO2

  • Dongzhi Chen
  • Zhonghua Mai
  • Xin Liu
  • Deizhan Ye
  • Hongwei Zhang
  • Xianze Yin
  • Yingshan Zhou
  • Min Liu
  • Weilin Xu
Original Paper


UV-blocking, superhydrophobic and robust cotton fabrics were successfully developed by combination of polyvinylsilsesquioxane (PVS) and nano-TiO2 for the first time. The influence of the add-on amount on morphologies, ultraviolet (UV) protection, hydrophobicity, mechanical properties, rigidity and thermal degradation of the treated cotton fabrics was studied. The nano-TiO2 particles were found to be embedded in the PVS film layer on the surface of cotton fibers by covalent Ti–O–Si bonds after curing. The UV blocking and hydrophobic properties of the functionalized cotton fabrics were also improved with increases in the amount of add-on, compared to the reference materials. The improvements on the UV blocking, water repellency and rigidity of the treated cotton fabrics are likely attributed to synergism between the PVS polymer and nano-TiO2. The mechanical properties of the finished cotton fabrics are significantly enhanced by treatment of composite coatings. However, the resistance to thermal degradation evidently did not change despite changes in the add-on amount. Hence this strategy for developing the composite coatings can guide in constructing the advanced functional surface, and the discovery of this new class of UV-blocking, superhydrophobic and robust cotton fabrics has many potential applications such as advanced UV-blocking textiles, stretchable electronic devices and self-cleaning fields.


Cotton fabrics Composite coatings UV-blocking property Superhydrophobicity Mechanical property 



This research has received financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51503161), the Foundation of Wuhan Textile University (Nos. 153023 and 173006), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2016YFA0101102) and Hundred Talent Program of Hubei Province.

Supplementary material

10570_2018_1790_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24.2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 24759 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of New Textile Materials & Advanced Processing TechnologyWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Electronic and Electrical EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Institute of Super-Microstructure and Ultrafast Process in Advanced Materials, School of Physics and ElectronicsCentral South UniversityChangshaPeople’s Republic of China

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