Dependence of dissolution, dispersion, and aggregation characteristics of cationic polysaccharides made from euglenoid β-1,3-glucan on degree of substitution
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Dissolution, dispersion, and aggregation characteristics of 2-hydroxy-3-trimethylammoniopropyl polysaccharides made from β-1,3-glucan extracted from Euglena (referred to as paramylon) differing in the degree of substitution (DS) of a 2-hydroxy-3-trimethylammoniopropyl group were examined. Freeze-dried solids made from cationic paramylon derivatives with a DS ranging from 0.07 to 0.16 spontaneously formed crystalline nanofibers upon being mechanically stirred in water. Derivatives with a DS greater than 0.31 lacked similar fiber formability. Nevertheless, they formed a distinctly outlined, transparent thin film featuring a nanometer-level flat surface using an aqueous solution casting method in which water is gradually removed from the aqueous homogeneous solution and a methanolic solution casting method featuring rapid removal of methanol from a heterogeneous solution. Those that had a DS less than 0.06 lacked solution solubility and dispersibility; they formed a thin film from a heterogeneous solution. These results demonstrate that cationic paramylon derivatives can be used as a constituent of well-organized polymeric materials.
Keywordsβ-1,3-Glucan Paramylon Euglena Cationization Nanofiber Film
The authors are grateful to KOBELCO Eco-Solutions Co. Ltd. for providing the paramylon. They are also grateful to Dr. Kijima (AIST) for technical assistance in obtaining the WAXD data.
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