Isolation of oxidized nanocellulose from rice straw using the ammonium persulfate method
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Oxidized nanocellulose was isolated from rice straw using the ammonium persulfate method. The effect of cellulose isolation methods such as a multistep process, pretreatments using NaOH and H2O2 on the properties of the nanocellulose were studied. Oxidized cellulose nanofibrils showed long fibrils of the web-like structure with the diameter of 14 nm, while oxidized-cellulose nanocrystals displayed a needle shape with the length of 118–212 nm and the width of 12–19 nm depending on the isolation method of cellulose. Properties of the oxidized-nanocellulose such as shape, size, crystallinity, and thermal stability were influenced significantly by the cellulose isolation method.
KeywordsRice straw Ammonium persulfate method Oxidized nanocellulose
This research was supported by the Agriculture Research Center (ARC 710003) program of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Korea.
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