, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 2381–2391 | Cite as

A simple architecture of cellulose microfiber/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite for the electrochemical determination of nitrobenzene in sewage water

  • Paramasivam Balasubramanian
  • T. S. T. Balamurugan
  • Shen-Ming Chen
  • Tse-Wei Chen
  • Tien-Wen Tseng
  • Bih-Show Lou
Original Paper


Biomaterial nano architectures have become an eminent building block in bio-electronics. A green nano composite of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) supported cellulose microfiber (CMF) was used in an electrochemical assay of nitrobenzene (NB). The synthesized composite was characterized via Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectra, Raman spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy and EDX spectroscopy. The CMF-RGO film modified glassy carbon electrode showed promising electrocatalytic activity towards NB reduction in terms of high sensitivity (733.8 µA mM−1 cm−2), broad dynamic range (0.2–927.7 µM), and a decent limit of detection (88 nM). On top of this, the composite was used to analyze the water samples collected from river, sewage, and pond aquarium with satisfactory results. In addition, the fabricated sensor matrix offers good durability and appreciable reproducibility. Electrocatalytic performance of the constructed assay was comparable with the reported NB sensors matrices.


Cellulose microfiber RGO Nitrobenzene Aquatic pollutants Water analysis 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan through Contract Nos: MOST106-2113-M-027-003 and MOST106-2221-E-182-021. The financial support from the Chung Gung Memorial Hospital through Contract No. BMRP 280 to B.S. Lou is also acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paramasivam Balasubramanian
    • 1
  • T. S. T. Balamurugan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shen-Ming Chen
    • 1
  • Tse-Wei Chen
    • 1
  • Tien-Wen Tseng
    • 1
  • Bih-Show Lou
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and BiotechnologyNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.Institute of Biochemical and Biomedical EngineeringNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan, ROC
  3. 3.Chemistry Division, Center for General EducationChang Gung UniversityTaoyuanTaiwan, ROC
  4. 4.Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging CenterChang Gung Memorial HospitalTaoyuanTaiwan, ROC

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