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Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 2235–2247 | Cite as

Freeze-drying of oxidized corn starch: electrochemical synthesis and characterization

  • Xugang Dang
  • Hui Chen
  • Yajuan Wang
  • Zhihua Shan
Original Paper

Abstract

Oxidized corn starch (OCS) was successfully synthesized by electrochemical oxidation in aqueous solution of sodium chloride, and freeze-drying technology was also used for the post-processing of the prepared OCS. The synthesized OCS solutions were analyzed by viscosity measurement and UV–vis spectroscopies. The OCS samples were characterized by the determination of amylose and amylopectin contents, carboxyl and carbonyl groups contents, FT-IR, XRD, SEM and 13C-NMR. The analyses revealed that the viscosity of OCS solutions decreased with increasing current. The determination and characterization results indicated that the amylopectin decreased gradually, while the carboxyl and carbonyl groups contents of OCS increased by electro-oxidation. The introduction of carboxyl and carbonyl groups promoted OCS hydration and swelling. After electro-oxidation, the crystallinity of the OCS decreased, and the surface formed a loose and porous structure. The electro-oxidation was able to selectively oxidize the hydroxyl groups of the C-2, C-3, and C-6 positions by adjusting the current.

Keywords

Oxidized corn starch Electrochemical synthesis Freeze-drying 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51703100). The authors are also grateful to the Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, for financial aid and machinery equipment to support the research work.

Funding

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51703100).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xugang Dang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hui Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yajuan Wang
    • 3
  • Zhihua Shan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.The Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and EngineeringSichuan University, Ministry of EducationChengduChina
  2. 2.National Engineering Laboratory for Clean Technology of Leather ManufactureSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.School of Materials and Chemical EngineeringNingbo University of TechnologyNingboChina

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