, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 2009–2020 | Cite as

Modifications of hemp twine for use as a fiber in cement composite: effects of hybrid treatments

  • Ibrahim Lawan
  • Li Qiang
  • Weiming Zhou
  • Jia Yi
  • Jianbin Song
  • Mingxin Zhang
  • Zhaohui Huang
  • Jie Pang
  • Zhanhui Yuan
Original Paper


To enhance the durability of hemp twine (HT) in cement composite, this study focuses on a holistic approach by investigating the effects of hybrid treatments on the HT. The treatments involve alkalization, treatment with alkaline copper quaternary type D after which the treated HT were grouped into three and the three groups were coated with paraffin wax, epoxy acrylate and waste engine oil respectively, thereby generating three hybrid treatments (hybrid 1, hybrid 2 and hybrid 3). The effects of the treatments on the properties of the HT were investigated using X-ray diffractometer, thermogravimetry analysis, scanning electron microscopy and micro force testing machine and results obtained reveal that the impact of the treatments on the HT is positive. Moreover, the effects of the treatments on water absorption capacity and resistance to micro-organism attack were also investigated and interesting results were obtained.


Cement composite Durability Hemp Fiber Hybrid treatment 



The authors would like to acknowledge the international funding provided by Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (KXB16001A) and Department of Science and Technology of Fujian Province (2017H6003), PR China.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim Lawan
    • 1
  • Li Qiang
    • 1
  • Weiming Zhou
    • 1
  • Jia Yi
    • 1
  • Jianbin Song
    • 1
  • Mingxin Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhaohui Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jie Pang
    • 3
  • Zhanhui Yuan
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Materials EngineeringFujian Agriculture and Forestry UniversityFuzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Engineering and DesignBrunel University LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.College of Food ScienceFujian Agriculture and Forestry UniversityFuzhouChina

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