, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 503–515 | Cite as

Carboxymethyl cellulose coated Fe3O4@SiO2 core–shell magnetic nanoparticles for methylene blue removal: equilibrium, kinetic, and thermodynamic studies

  • Maryam Zirak
  • Aysan Abdollahiyan
  • Bagher Eftekhari-Sis
  • Mahnaz Saraei
Original Paper


Fe3O4@SiO2 core–shell magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were prepared by chemical coprecipitation of FeCl3·6H2O and FeCl2·4H2O in alkaline solution, followed by silylation using triethoxy silane, and then by treatment with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane. The corresponding MNPs were coated with carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) by amide formation between carboxyl groups of CMC and amine functional groups of nanoparticles. The structure of MNPs was characterized by FT-IR, SEM, EDX, TEM, XRD, VSM and TGA analysis. CMC-coated Fe3O4@SiO2 magnetic nanoparticles were used as an efficient adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue (MB, a cationic dye) from aqueous solutions. The impact of various factors such as adsorbent dosage, pH, initial concentration of MB, temperature and contact time were investigated. The kinetic, isotherms, and thermodynamic parameters of adsorption were also studied.


Fe3O4@SiO2 Magnetic nanoparticles Carboxymethyl cellulose Methylene blue adsorption Isotherms Kinetic 



We are grateful to the Payame Noor University for financial support. B. E-S thanks the Iran Science Elites Federation (ISEF).


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of MaraghehMaraghehIran

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