Development of o-phthalic anhydride as a low-temperature activator in H 2O 2 bleaching system for cotton fabric Original Paper First Online: 20 November 2017 Received: 13 July 2017 Accepted: 13 November 2017 Abstract
O-phthalic anhydride (PA) was developed as a low-temperature activator in the H
2O 2 bleaching system for cotton fabric. The performance of the H 2O 2/PA bleaching system was investigated by measuring the CIE whiteness index (WI) of the bleached cotton fabric, H 2O 2 decomposition rate and bursting strength, respectively. The effects of experimental conditions, including PA dosage, bleaching time, bleaching temperature and NaOH concentration, were discussed in the H 2O 2/PA bleaching system. Upon addition of PA, the WI and H 2O 2 decomposition rate increased significantly at 70 °C. The results showed that the bleaching system had a promising application prospect. Compared with the H 2O 2 system, the H 2O 2/PA system significantly promoted 1O 2 generation under the same alkali condition by using 9,10-dimethylanthracene as a fluorescent probe for 1O 2. And the generation of large amount of 1O 2 did not obviously affect the bleaching performance in the H 2O 2/PA system. By using benzenepentacarboxylic acid as a fluorescent probe for HO· detection, it was found that the fluorescence intensity was enhanced 14 folds in the presence of PA, indicating that PA could strongly promote HO· generation. By using dimethyl sulfoxide as a scavenger to control HO· concentration, it was found that the WI of the fabric was closely related to the HO· concentration, revealing that the HO· could play an important role in the bleaching process. Phthalic acid was also added to the H 2O 2 bleaching system to investigate potential bleaching route of the H 2O 2/PA system. Based on these experimental results, a possible bleaching mechanism of the H 2O 2/PA system was proposed. Keywords Cotton fabric Hydroxide peroxide bleaching O-phthalic anhydride Low temperature Bleach activator Notes Acknowledgments
This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Donghua University (Grant No. CUSF-DH-D-2017052). The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. Chunyan Hu for the experimental equipment and Dr. Bolin Ji for statistical analyses. The first author thanks the scholarship support from China Scholarship Council (CSC).
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