, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 661–681 | Cite as

Chitosan/partially sulfonated poly(vinylidene fluoride) blends as polymer electrolyte membranes for direct methanol fuel cell applications

  • V. Vijayalekshmi
  • Dipak Khastgir
Original Paper


A novel proton exchange membranes composed of a blend of chitosan and sulfonated polyvinylidene fluoride (SPVDF) was prepared by solution casting technique. The PVDF was sulfonated using direct sulfonation method with sulfonation degree of 6.1%. The membranes with different fractions of SPVDF were prepared and 10 wt% SPVDF exhibits the best performance in terms of ion exchange capacity, conductivity, water uptake and membrane selectivity. The prepared blend membranes show excellent combination of thermal stability, mechanical properties, dimensional stability and methanol barrier properties. Chitosan (CS)-SPVDF-90/10 membrane shows the highest proton conductivity of 2.85 × 10−2 S cm−1 at 90 °C.


Chitosan Polymer electrolyte Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Proton conductivity 

Supplementary material

10570_2017_1565_MOESM1_ESM.doc (212 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 212 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rubber Technology CentreIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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