Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 619–629 | Cite as

Toward high-performance fibrillated cellulose-based air filter via constructing spider-web-like structure with the aid of TBA during freeze-drying process

  • Zhaoqing Lu
  • Zhiping Su
  • Shunxi Song
  • Yongsheng Zhao
  • Shanshan Ma
  • Meiyun Zhang
Original Paper

Abstract

In consideration of the healthcare issues caused by Particulate Matter (PM) pollution, developing high-performance air-filter materials especially aiming at filtering PM2.5 has attracted great attention. In this work, we fabricated a novel air filter with spider-web-like structure based on renewable and biodegradable fibrillated cellulose fibers, and demonstrated an effective strategy for network structure regulation during freeze-drying process. The results showed that the air filter with spider-web-like structure, whose filtration efficiency for model PM particles with the diameter of 300 nm could exceed 99%, was obtained from a fibrillated cellulose fiber/water/Tert-Butyl Alcohol (TBA) mixture by freeze-drying. The role of TBA in the construction of spider-web-like structure was mainly due to the following two aspects: (1) TBA molecules could promote the separation of microfibrils which acted as the cobwebs in spider-web-like structure. (2) The presence of TBA resulted in air filter transformed from lamellar porous architecture into spider-web-like structure by changing the morphologies and growth kinetics of ice-crystals. Herein, this work paves a way to fabricate high-performance air filters based on renewable materials and the pore-formation mechanism can provide a guide for structure regulation in porous materials.

Keywords

Fibrillated cellulose fibers Tert-butyl alcohol Spider-web-like structure Freeze-drying Air filter 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from National Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31670593), State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering (201601), State Key Laboratory for modification of chemical fibers and polymer materials (LK1601), Shaanxi Province as a Whole the Innovation Project of Science and Technology Plan Projects (2016KTCQ01-87), Education Department of Shaanxi Provincial Government (15JF012), and Science and Technology Department of Shaanxi Province (2015KJXX-34). We appreciate Suzhou Huada Instrument and Equipment LTD. very much for friendly providing tests for us.

Supplementary material

10570_2017_1561_MOESM1_ESM.docx (749 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 748 kb)

References

  1. Banavath HN, Bhardwaj NK, Ray AK (2011) A comparative study of the effect of refining on charge of various pulps. Bioresour Technol 102:4544–4551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chem JM, Chun S, Choi E et al (2012) Eco-friendly cellulose nanofiber paper-derived separator membranes featuring tunable nanoporous network channels for lithium-ion batteries. J Mater Chem 22:16618–16626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dash R, Li Y, Ragauskas AJ (2012) Cellulose nanowhisker foams by freeze casting. Carbohydr Polym 88:789–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deville S (2008) Freeze-casting of porous ceramics: a review of current achievements and issues. Adv Eng Mater 10:155–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Deville S, Saiz E, Nalla RK, Tomsia AP (2006) Freezing as a path to build complex composites. Science 311:515–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. He M, Ichinose T, Kobayashi M et al (2016) Differences in allergic inflammatory responses between urban PM2.5 and fine particle derived from desert-dust in murine lungs. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 297:41–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Heydarifard S, Nazhad MM, Xiao H, Shipin O (2016) Water-resistant cellulosic filter for aerosol entrapment and water purification, part I: production of water-resistant cellulosic filter. Environ Technol 37:1716–1722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hu X, Yang L, Li L et al (2016) Freeze casting of composite system with stable fiber network and movable particles. J Eur Ceram Soc 36:4147–4153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jahangiri P, Madani A, Korehei R et al (2014) On filtration and heat insulation properties of foam formed cellulose based materials. Nord Pulp Pap 29:584–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jiang F, Hsieh Y (2014) Assembling and redispersibility of rice straw nanocellulose: effect of tert-butanol. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 6:20075–20084CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kasraian K, DeLuca PP (1995) Thermal analysis of the tertiary butyl alcohol–water system and its implications on freeze-drying. Pharm Res 12:484–490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Khalil HPSA, Davoudpour Y, Islam N et al (2014) Production and modification of nanofibrillated cellulose using various mechanical processes: a review. Carbohydr Polym 99:649–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Korehei R, Jahangiri P, Nikbakht A et al (2016) Effects of drying strategies and microfibrillated cellulose fiber content on the properties of foam-formed paper. J Wood Chem Technol 36:235–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lee CJ, Martin RV, Henze DK et al (2015) Response of global particulate-matter-related mortality to changes in local precursor emissions. Environ Sci Technol 49:4335–4344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Li S, Williams G, Guo Y (2016) Health benefits from improved outdoor air quality and intervention in China. Environ Pollut 214:17–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Liu B, Zhang S, Wang X et al (2015) Efficient and reusable polyamide-56 nanofiber/nets membrane with bimodal structures for air filtration. J Colloid Interface Sci 457:203–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. MacFarlane AL, Kadla JF, Kerekes RJ (2012) High performance air filters produced from freeze-dried fibrillated wood pulp: fiber network compression due to the freezing process. Ind Eng Chem Res 51:10702–10711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mao J, Grgic B, Finlay WH et al (2008) Wood pulp based filters for removal of sub-micrometer aerosol particles. Nord Pulp Pap 23:420–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nemoto J, Saito T, Isogai A (2015) Simple freeze-drying procedure for producing nanocellulose aerogel-containing, high-performance air filters. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:19809–19815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ni N, Tesconi M, Tabibi SE et al (2001) Use of pure t-butanol as a solvent for freeze-drying: a case study. Int J Pharm 226:39–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Oh HJ, Pant HR, Kang YS et al (2012) Synthesis and characterization of spider-web-like electrospun mats of meta-aramid. Polym Int 61:1675–1682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pant HR, Park CH, Tijing LD et al (2012) Bimodal fiber diameter distributed graphene oxide/nylon-6 composite nanofibrous mats via electrospinning. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 407:121–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pant HR, Kim HJ, Joshi MK et al (2014) One-step fabrication of multifunctional composite polyurethane spider-web-like nanofibrous membrane for water purification. J Hazard Mater 264:25–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sehaqui H, Salajková M, Zhou Q, Berglund LA (2010) Mechanical performance tailoring of tough ultra-high porosity foams prepared from cellulose I nanofiber suspensions. Soft Matter 6:1824–1832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sehaqui H, Zhou Q, Berglund LA (2011) High-porosity aerogels of high specific surface area prepared from nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC). Compos Sci Technol 71:1593–1599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shi L, Zhuang X, Tao X et al (2013) Solution blowing nylon 6 nanofiber mats for air filtration. Fibers Polym 14:1485–1490CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Svagan AJ, Samir MASA, Berglund LA (2008) Biomimetic foams of high mechanical performance based on nanostructured cell walls reinforced by native cellulose nanofibrils. Adv Mater 20:1263–1269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Thiessen RJ (2006) Filtration of respired gases: theoretical aspects. Respir Care Clin N Am 12:183–201Google Scholar
  29. Wang N, Wang X, Ding B et al (2012) Tunable fabrication of three-dimensional polyamide-66 nano-fiber/nets for high efficiency fine particulate filtration. J Mater Chem 22:1445–1452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wang N, Zhu Z, Sheng J et al (2014) Superamphiphobic nanofibrous membranes for effective filtration of fine particles. J Colloid Interface Sci 428:41–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang S, Peng X, Zhong L et al (2015) An ultralight, elastic, cost-effective, and highly recyclable superabsorbent from microfibrillated cellulose fibers for oil spillage cleanup. J Mater Chem A 3:8772–8781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yang Y, Zhang S, Zhao X et al (2015) Sandwich structured polyamide-6/polyacrylonitrile nanonets/bead-on- string composite membrane for effective air filtration. Sep Purif Technol 152:14–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yoon Y, Kim S, Ahn KH, Ko KB (2016) Fabrication and characterization of micro-porous cellulose filters for indoor air quality control. Environ Technol 37:703–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhang S, Tang N, Cao L et al (2016) Highly integrated polysulfone/polyacrylonitrile/polyamide-6 air filter for multilevel physical sieving airborne particles. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 8:29062–29072CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhang S, Liu H, Yin X et al (2017a) Tailoring mechanically robust poly(m-phenylene isophthalamide) nanofiber/nets for ultrathin high-efficiency air filter. Sci Rep 7:40550–40561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhang S, Liu H, Zuo F et al (2017b) A controlled design of ripple-like polyamide-6 nanofiber/nets membrane for high-efficiency air filter. Small 13:1603151–1603161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zhao X, Wang S, Yin X et al (2016) Slip-effect functional air filter for efficient purification of PM2.5. Sci Rep 6:35472–35483CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering, Shaanxi Provincial Key Laboratory of Papermaking Technology and Specialty Paper Development, Key Laboratory of Paper Based Functional Materials of China National Light IndustryShaanxi University of Science and TechnologyXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations