Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 607–617 | Cite as

Preparation and performance comparison of cellulose-based activated carbon fibres

  • Kanza Hina
  • Hantao Zou
  • Wu Qian
  • Danying Zuo
  • Changhai Yi
Original Paper
  • 78 Downloads

Abstract

Activated carbon fiber (ACF) is widely used sorbent material for wastewater treatment. Three natural cellulosic fibres (kapok, cotton, and ramie) and three regenerated cellulosic fibres (bamboo fiber, viscose, and lyocell) are used to prepare ACFs using chemical activation. These ACFs are characterized using scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) testing, elemental analysis, adsorption property and nitrogen adsorption–desorption. XRD and FTIR spectrum of all six cellulosic ACFs are almost similar showing that ACFs have almost same chemical and physical composition. All cellulosic ACFs are constituted of C, H, ash and O, but C content is higher in natural cellulosic fibres. Surface morphology and surface area of cellulosic ACFs play the basic role in adsorption. The 2nd order pseudo kinetic model is fitted for all cellulosic ACFs as R2 > 0.99 and adsorption controlling process is chemical sorption. The adsorption capacity of the kapok-based ACFs is best, owing to their hollow structure, the micropores on surface and high specific surface area. Bamboo, ramie and cotton based ACFs also have high adsorption but they need more time to adsorb impurities than kapok based ACFs. Viscose based ACFs shows moderate adsorption, while the least adsorption is shown by the lyocell based ACFs because of their smooth and uniform structure. Adsorption analysis and other properties evaluation show that kapok fiber is the best precursor than other five cellulosic fibres.

Keywords

Cellulose-based ACFs Chemical activation Adsorption Absorption kinetics Specific surface area 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support from the National Nature Science Fund of China (51303139) and the Scientific Research Foundation of Hubei Provincial Education Department (No: Q20121710) is greatly appreciated.

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kanza Hina
    • 1
  • Hantao Zou
    • 1
  • Wu Qian
    • 1
  • Danying Zuo
    • 1
  • Changhai Yi
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Green Processing and Functional Textile of New Textile Materials (Wuhan Textile University)Ministry of EducationWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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