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Cellulose

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 21–33 | Cite as

Surface accessibility of cellulose fibrils studied by hydrogen–deuterium exchange with water

  • E. L. Lindh
  • L. Salmén
Original Paper

Abstract

A problem with cellulose-based materials is that they are highly influenced by moisture, leading to reduced strength properties with increasing moisture content. By achieving a more detailed understanding of the water–cellulose interactions, the usage of cellulose-based materials could be better optimized. Two different exchange processes of cellulose hydroxyl/deuteroxyl groups have been monitored by transmission FT-IR spectroscopy. By using line-shape-assisted deconvolution of the changing intensities, we have been able to follow the exchange kinetics in a very detailed and controlled manner. The findings reveal a hydrogen exchange that mainly is located at two different kinds of fibril surfaces, where the differences arise from the water accessibility of that specific surface. The slowly accessible regions are proposed to be located between the fibrils inside of the aggregates, and the readily accessible regions are suggested to be at the surfaces of the fibril aggregates. It was also possible to identify the ratio of slowly and readily accessible surfaces, which indicated that the average aggregate of cotton cellulose is built up by approximately three fibrils with an assumed average size of 12 × 12 cellulose chains. Additionally, the experimental setup enabled visualizing and discussing the implications of some of the deviating spectral features that are pronounced when recording FT-IR spectra of deuterium-exchanging cellulose: the insufficient red shift of the stretching vibrations and the vastly decreasing line widths.

Keywords

Cellulose Deuterium FT-IR Hydrogen bond Exchange Morphology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Leif Falk for the creation of the special-made box suitable for infrared measurements and Malin Bergenstråhle-Wohlert for all the helpful comments and discussions. Wallenberg Wood Science Center is gratefully acknowledged for the financial support.

Funding

Funding was provided by Knut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse.

Supplementary material

10570_2016_1122_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1462 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Applied Physical Chemistry, Department of ChemistryKTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Wallenberg Wood Science CenterKTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden
  3. 3.Innventia ABStockholmSweden

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