Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 3249–3263 | Cite as

Influence of surface modification of wood with octadecyltrichlorosilane on its dimensional stability and resistance against Coniophora puteana and molds

  • Anuj Kumar
  • Pavla Ryparová
  • Andrijana Sever Škapin
  • Miha Humar
  • Matjaž Pavlič
  • Jan Tywoniak
  • Petr Hajek
  • Jure Žigon
  • Marko Petrič
Original Paper

Abstract

A relatively new approach for wood protection against fungal decay is based on hydrophobization of wood and on lowering its moisture content. Water repellence of wood can be increased by polymerization of hydrophobic monomers in wood cell walls. It was found that Norway spruce wood after treatment with octadecyltrichlorosilane exhibited reduced water uptake by the wood cell walls, lowered water vapour sorption, and significantly increased dimensional stability of wood in terms of anti-swelling efficiency. Hydrophobicity and lower equilibrium moisture content were shown to cause increased resistance of the treated samples against brown-rot decay and molds.

Keywords

Octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) Water vapour sorption Anti-swelling efficiency Biodegradation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research work was supported by the European social fund within the framework of realizing the project “Support of inter-sectoral mobility and quality enhancement of research teams at Czech Technical University in Prague”, CZ.1.07/2.3.00/30.0034. Financial support of the Slovenian Research Agency through the research programme P4-0015 “Wood and lignocellulose composites” is also gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interest.

References

  1. Ashurst WR, Yau C, Carraro C, Lee C, Kluth GJ, Howe RT, Maboudian R (2001) Alkene based monolayer films as anti-stiction coatings for polysilicon MEMS. Sens Actuators A 91(3):239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bourlinos AB, Chowdhury SR, Jiang DD, An YU, Zhang Q, Archer LA, Giannelis EP (2005) Layered organosilicate nanoparticles with liquid like behavior. Small 1(1):80–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. BS EN 113 (1997) Wood preservatives. Test method for determining the protective effectiveness against wood destroying basidiomycetes. Determination of the toxic valuesGoogle Scholar
  4. Carll G, Highley TL (1999) Decay of wood and wood-based products above ground in buildings. J Test Eval 27(2):150–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. CEN/TS 15083-1 (2006) Durability of wood and wood-based products. Determination of the natural durability of solid wood against wood-destroying fungi, test methods. Part 1: basidiomycetesGoogle Scholar
  6. CEN/TS 15119-1 (2008) Durability of wood and wood-based products. Determination of emissions from preservative treated wood to the environment. Part 1: wood held in the storage yard after treatment and wooden commodities exposed in use class 3Google Scholar
  7. CEN/TS 15119-2 (2013) Durability of wood and wood-based products. Determination of emissions from preservative treated wood to the environment. Part 2: wooden commodities exposed in use class 4 or 5Google Scholar
  8. De Vetter L, Stevens M, Van Acker J (2009) Fungal decay resistance and durability of organosilicon-treated wood. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 63(2):130–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Donath S, Militz H, Mai C (2004) Wood modification with alkoxysilanes. Wood Sci Technol 38(7):555–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Donath S, Militz H, Mai C (2006) Treatment of wood with aminofunctional silanes for protection against wood destroying fungi. Holzforschung 60(2):210–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dubey MK, Pang S, Walker J (2012) Changes in chemistry, color, dimensional stability and fungal resistance of Pinus radiata D. Don wood with oil heat-treatment. Holzforschung 66(1):49–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Engelund ET, Thygesen LG, Svensson S, Hill CA (2013) A critical discussion of the physics of wood–water interactions. Wood Sci Technol 47(1):141–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Filley TR, Cody GD, Goodell B, Jellison J, Noser C, Ostrofsky A (2002) Lignin demethylation and polysaccharide decomposition in spruce sapwood degraded by brown rot fungi. Org Geochem 33(2):111–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Glass SV, Zelinka SL (2010) Moisture relations and physical properties of wood. Wood handbook: wood as an engineering material: chapter 4. Centennial ed. General technical report FPL; GTR-190. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, pp 4.1–4.19Google Scholar
  15. Goethals P, Stevens M (1994) Dimensional stability and decay resistance of wood upon modification with some new type chemical reactants. IRG/WP 94-40028. The International Research Group on Wood Protection, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  16. Hill CA (2007) Wood modification: chemical, thermal and other processes, vol 5. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Hill CAS, Farahani MRM, Hale MDC (2004) The use of organo alkoxysilane coupling agents for wood preservation. Holzforschung 58(3):316–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hrovatin J, Jeram G, Kuzman M, Pohleven F (2009) Influence of construction on wetting of wooden fences. Wood Res 54(1):113–124Google Scholar
  19. Humar M, Lesar B (2013) Efficacy of linseed- and tung-oil-treated wood against wood-decay fungi and water uptake. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 85:223–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. ISO 11341 (2004) Paints and varnishes—artificial weathering and exposure to artificial radiation—exposure to filtered xenon-arc radiationGoogle Scholar
  21. Jalaludi Z, Hill CAS, Samsi HW, Husain H, Xie Y (2010) Analysis of water vapour sorption of oleo-thermal modified wood of Acacia mangium and Endospermum malaccense by a parallel exponential kinetics model and according to the Hailwood-Horrobin model. Holzforschung 64(6):763–770Google Scholar
  22. Kamdem DP, Pizzi A, Jermannaud A (2002) Durability of heat-treated wood. Eur J Wood Wood Prod 60(1):1–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Keplinger T, Cabane E, Chanana M, Hass P, Merk V, Gierlinger N, Burgert I (2015) A versatile strategy for grafting polymers to wood cell walls. Acta Biomater 11:256–263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Korner S, Pecina H, Wienhaus O (1990) Investigations on the identification of the beginning brown-rot fungus infestation of wood by means of IR spectroscopy. Holz als Roh- und Werksto 7(48):413–416CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Korner I, Faix O, Wienhaus O (1992) Attempt to determine brown-rot breakdown of scots pine wood with the aid of FTIR spectroscopy. Holz als Roh- und Werksto 7(50):363–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kudanga T, Nugrohojo E, Prasetyo J, Sipilä P, Nousiainen P, Widsten A, Kandelbauer G, Nyanhongo S, Guebitz G (2008) Laccase-mediated wood surface functionalization. Eng Life Sci 8(3):297–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kumar A, Petrič M, Kričej B, Žigon J, Tywoniak J, Hajek P, Pavlič M (2015) Liquefied wood based polyurethane-nanosilica hybrid coatings and hydrophobization by self-assembled monolayers of orthotrichlorosilane (OTS). ACS Sustain Chem Eng 3(10):2533–2541CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lesar B, Humar M (2011) Use of wax emulsions for improvement of wood durability and sorption properties. Eur J Wood Prod 69(2):231–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lesar B, Pavlič M, Petrič M, Škapin AS, Humar M (2011) Wax treatment of wood slows photodegradation. Polym Degrad Stab 96(7):1271–1278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mahltig B, Arnold M, Löthman P (2010) Surface properties of sol–gel treated thermally modified wood. J Sol–Gel Sci Technol 55(2):221–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mohammed-Ziegler I, Oszlánczi Á, Somfai B, Hórvölgyi Z, Pászli I, Holmgren A, Forsling W (2004) Surface free energy of natural and surface-modified tropical and European wood species. J Adhes Sci Technol 18(6):687–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Mohammed-Ziegler I, Hórvölgyi Z, Toth A, Forsling W, Holmgren A (2006) Wettability and spectroscopic characterization of silylated wood samples. Polym Adv Technol 17(11–12):932–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pandey KK, Pitman AJ (2003) FTIR studies of the changes in wood chemistry following decay by brown-rot and white-rot fungi. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 52(3):151–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Panov D, Terziev N (2009) Study on some alkoxysilanes used for hydrophobation and protection of wood against decay. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 63(4):456–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Parikh AN, Schivley MA, Koo E, Seshadri K, Aurentz D, Mueller K, Allara DL (1997) n-Alkylsiloxanes: from single monolayers to layered crystals. The formation of crystalline polymers from the hydrolysis of n-octadecyltrichlorosilane. J Am Chem Soc 119(13):3135–3143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Petrič M (2013) Surface modification of wood. Rev Adhes Adhes 1(2):216–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Petrič M, Oven P (2015) Determination of wettability of wood and its significance in wood science and technology: a critical review. Rev Adhes Adhes 3(2):121–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Podgorski L, Chevet B, Onic L, Merlin A (2000) Modification of wood wettability by plasma and corona treatments. Int J Adhes Adhes 20(2):103–111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Popescu C-M, Hill CAS, Curling S, Ordmondroyd G, Xie Y (2014) The water vapour sorption behaviour of acetylated birch wood: how acetylation affects the sorption isotherm and accessible hydroxyl content. J Mater Sci 49(5):2362–2371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rautkari L, Hill CA, Curling S, Jalaludin Z, Ormondroyd G (2013) What is the role of the accessibility of wood hydroxyl groups in controlling moisture content? J Mater Sci 48(18):6352–6356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Rowell RM (2005) Chemical modification of wood. Handbook of wood chemistry and wood composites, CRC Press, pp 447–457Google Scholar
  42. Rowell RM (2006) Chemical modification of wood: a short review. Wood Mater Sci Eng 1:29–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tjeerdsma BF, Boonstra M, Pizzi A, Tekely P, Militz H (1998) Characterisation of thermally modified wood: molecular reasons for wood performance improvement. Eur J Wood Wood Prod 56(3):149–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wang X, Chai Y, Liu J (2013) Formation of highly hydrophobic wood surfaces using silica nanoparticles modified with long-chain alkylsilane. Holzforschung 67(6):667–672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Xie Y, Hill CAS, Xiao Z, Jalaludin Z, Militz H, Mai C (2010) Water vapor sorption kinetics of wood modified with glutaraldehyde. J Appl Polym Sci 117(3):1674–1682Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Building Structures, Faculty of Civil EngineeringCzech Technical University in PraguePraha 6Czech Republic
  2. 2.Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering InstituteLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Department of Wood Science and Technology, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  4. 4.University Centre for Energy Efficient Buildings of Technical University in PragueBuštěhradCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations