Forest residues as renewable resources for bio-based polymeric materials and bioenergy: chemical composition, structure and thermal properties
- 447 Downloads
The potential of three different logging residues (woody chips, branches and pine needles) as renewable resources to produce environmentally friendly polymeric materials and/or biofuel has been critically evaluated in terms of their structure, chemical composition and thermal properties. Woody chips constitute the most attractive forest residue to be processed into polymeric materials in terms of their highest cellulose content, crystallinity and thermal stability. In contrast, pine needles and branches offer higher heating values and optimum product distribution for solid fuel applications due to their higher lignin content. In general, forest residual biomass has great potential for conversion into new added value products, such as composites or solid biofuel, thus constituting a sustainable waste management procedure from a biorefinery perspective. The correlation between the chemical and structural properties with the thermal/pyrolytic behavior of residual biomass offers valuable insights to assess their sustainable exploitation.
KeywordsForest residues Thermal behavior Chemical composition Structure Bioenergy Bio-based polymeric materials
RM would like to acknowledge the Wallenberg and Lars-Erik Thunholm Foundation for the research post-doctoral position.
- Ahtee M, Hattula T, Mangs J, Paakkari T (1983) X-ray diffraction method for determination of crystallinity of wood pulp. Pap Puu 85:475–480Google Scholar
- Andersson S, Serimaa R, Paakkari T, Saranpää P, Pesonen E (2003) Crystallinity of wood and the size of cellulose crystallites in Norway spruce (Picea abies). Wood Sci 49:531–537Google Scholar
- Baeza J, Freer J (2000) Chemical characterization of wood and its components. In: Hon D, Shiraishi N (eds) Wood and cellulosic chemistry. Marcel Dekker Inc, NewYork, pp 275–384Google Scholar
- Balogun AO, Lasode OA, Li H, McDonald AG (2015) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) study and thermal decomposition kinetics of Sorghum bicolour Glume and Albizia pedicellaris residues. Waste Biomass Valor 6:109–116Google Scholar
- Nomura T, Yamada T (1972) Structural observation on wood and bamboo by X-ray. Wood Res 52:1–10Google Scholar
- NREL (2005) Determination of extractives in biomass. Laboratory analytical procedure. NREL, GoldenGoogle Scholar
- Sahin HT, Arslan MB (2011) Weathering performance of particleboards manufactured from blends of forest residues with red pine (pinus brutia) wood. Wood Sci Technol 13(3):337–346Google Scholar
- Sjöström E (1981) Wood chemistry, fundamentals and applications. Academic Press Inc, LondonGoogle Scholar
- TAPPI (2006) Acid insoluble lignin in wood and pulp T 222 om-06. In: US Technical Association of Pulp and Paper IndustryGoogle Scholar
- TAPPI (2012) Ash in wood, pulp, paper and paperboard: combustion at 525 °C T211 om-02. In: US Technical Association of Pulp and Paper IndustryGoogle Scholar
- Willför S, Pranovich A, Tamminen T, Puls J, Laine C, Suurnäkki A, Saake B, Uotila K, Simolin H, Hemming J, Holmbom B (2009) Carbohydrate analysis of plant materials with uronic acid-containing polysaccharides—a comparison between different hydrolysis and subsequent chromatographic analytical techniques. Ind Crops Prod 29:571–580Google Scholar