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Cellulose

, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 2107–2116 | Cite as

Multi-response optimization in enzymatic desizing of cotton fabric under various chemo-physical conditions using a Taguchi approach

  • Aisha Rehman
  • Zulfiqar Ali Raza
  • Rashid Masood
  • Muhamamd Tahir Hussain
  • Naseer Ahmad
Original Paper

Abstract

In the present investigation, multi-response optimization in enzymatic desizing of cotton fabric against various chemo-physical conditions was carried out using an L9 orthogonal array in Taguchi design. The input parameters were the concentrations of Fe2+ ions and sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), and temperature. The specimens were assessed by TEGEWA rating, absorbency, reducing sugars, bending length, weight loss and surface morphology. The results show that multiple-criteria analysis helped identification of an optimum level of process factors on the basis of grey relational analysis (GRA). The predicted level was confirmed by a validation run. The cotton fabric showed minimum absorbency, bending length and weight loss and maximum TEGEWA rating at 0.3 mM Fe2+ ions, 3.0 mM SDS and 80 °C. All these output variables were optimized, and a single recipe was determined. The optimized recipe found by the combination of Taguchi and GRA analyses was 0.1 mM Fe2+ ions and 3.0 mM SDS concentration at 90 °C. The predicted recipe showed promising results.

Keywords

Amylase Cotton fabric Optimization Surfactant Taguchi approach 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aisha Rehman
    • 1
  • Zulfiqar Ali Raza
    • 1
  • Rashid Masood
    • 1
  • Muhamamd Tahir Hussain
    • 1
  • Naseer Ahmad
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Chemistry Research LaboratoryNational Textile UniversityFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.College of Statistical and Actuarial SciencesUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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