, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp 385–395 | Cite as

The effect of xylan on the fibrillation efficiency of DED bleached soda bagasse pulp and on nanopaper characteristics

  • Seyed Rahman Djafari Petroudy
  • Ali Ghasemian
  • Hossein Resalati
  • Kristin Syverud
  • Gary Chinga-Carrasco
Original Paper


Xylan is the second most abundant polysaccharide and the most abundant hemicellulose component of soda bagasse pulp. In this study, bleached soda bagasse pulp (SB) and bleached bagasse dissolving pulp (DB) with varying amounts of xylan were fibrillated with a homogenization process. The produced fibrillated materials were used for making nanopaper structures. The surface, physical, mechanical and optical properties of the nanopaper were measured, and the effect of xylan was assessed. Laser profilometry (LP) and field emission scanning electron microscopy were applied to study the degree of the fibrillation. The pulp having the highest xylan content, SB, showed the highest yield of cellulose nanofibrils. Nanopaper produced from SB had a more consolidated structure than that produced from DB. Additionally, SB nanopaper yielded higher tensile strength, lower LP roughness, a higher barrier against oxygen and lower opacity. These results indicate a higher degree of fibrillation of the SB pulp compared to the DB pulp. Hence, the positive effect of xylan for facilitating the fibrillation of the starting pulp fibers was demonstrated.


Bagasse Xylan Homogenization Bleached bagasse dissolving pulp Nanopaper Laser profilometry Field emission scanning electron microscopy 



We would like to thank the Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology (MSRT) for its financial support through a fellowship. We would like to acknowledge PFI technicians for their skillful laboratory work. The authors also thank Prof. Øyvind Weiby Gregersen and Dr. Philip André Reme for their valuable collaboration.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyed Rahman Djafari Petroudy
    • 1
  • Ali Ghasemian
    • 2
  • Hossein Resalati
    • 3
  • Kristin Syverud
    • 4
    • 5
  • Gary Chinga-Carrasco
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Cellulose and Paper Technology, Faculty of New Technologies and Energy EngineeringShahid Beheshti University (SBU)TehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Pulp and Paper Industries, Faculty of Wood and Paper EngineeringGorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (GAU)GorganIran
  3. 3.Department of Wood and Paper Sciences and Technology, Natural Resources FacultySari University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (SANRU)SariIran
  4. 4.Department of Chemical EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)TrondheimNorway
  5. 5.Paper and Fibre Research Institute (PFI)TrondheimNorway

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