, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 2101–2114 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of cotton fabrics with antibacterial properties treated by crosslinkable benzophenone derivative in choline chloride-based deep eutectic solvents

  • Ji Hwan Park
  • Kyung Wha Oh
  • Hyung-Min Choi
Original Paper


Cotton fabrics with antibacterial properties were prepared by the treatment with 3,3′4,4′-benzophenone tetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPTCD) in a combined process of shaking immersion in dyeing machine and pad-dry-cure. Environmentally-benign choline chloride (ChCl)-based deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were mainly examined as treatment media instead of using organic solvent. The results revealed that cotton fabrics treated with BPTCD in urea-ChCl DES showed a strong ester carbonyl peak in fourier transform infrared (FTIR) analysis, indicating fixation of BPTCD on cotton cellulose. Detailed characterizations of the BPTCD-treated cotton were carried out by FTIR, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, dye staining, and evaluation of hydrophilicity and strength. The treated fabrics demonstrated a high level of antibacterial characteristics before and after UV irradiation. This indicated that addition of ChCl could enhance antibacterial activity of cotton before UV irradiation. Therefore, use of ChCl-based DES along with BPTCD incorporation provided environmentally-acceptable and economically-feasible treatment process for preparation of novel antibacterial cotton.


Cotton Antibacterial Benzophenone derivative Choline chloride FTIR analysis Deep eutectic solvent 



This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MEST) (No. 20120002165).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic Materials and Fiber EngineeringSoongsil UniversitySeoul Republic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Home Economics EducationChung-Ang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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