, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 3067–3077 | Cite as

Durable antimicrobial cotton fabrics containing stable quaternarized N-halamine groups

  • Bing Zhang
  • Yuchao Jiao
  • Zhenzhen Kang
  • Kaikai Ma
  • Xuehong Ren
  • Jie Liang
Original Paper


A novel N-halamine precursor with tertiary amino group (5,5-dimethylhydantoinyl-3-ylethyl)-dimethylamine (DEADH), was synthesized and then covalently bonded onto cotton fabrics modified by 3-chloropropyltrimethoxysilane to form quaternarized N-halamine precursor grafted cotton fabrics which could be transferred to N-halamine structure upon exposure to dilute sodium hypochlorite solution. The grafted cotton fabrics were characterized by FT-IR, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscope. The antimicrobial test showed that the cotton fabrics grafted with the quaternarized N-halamine were capable of 7-log inactivation of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli O157:H7 within 1 min of contact time. Very interestingly, it was found that the grafting process and following chlorination had almost no adverse effect on the tensile strength of cotton fabrics. Furthermore, the antimicrobial cotton fabrics exhibited good washing durability and stability.


Durable Antimicrobial Cotton fabric Quaternarized N-halamine Tensile strength 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from Shanghai Pujiang Talent Project (11PJ1407600), the Research and Innovation Project of Municipal Education Commission of Shanghai (12YZ085), the Shanghai Natural Science Foundation (10ZR1407700). This work is supported by PCSIRT (RT1269), the Program of Shanghai Normal University (DZL124).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bing Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuchao Jiao
    • 1
  • Zhenzhen Kang
    • 1
  • Kaikai Ma
    • 2
  • Xuehong Ren
    • 2
  • Jie Liang
    • 1
  1. 1.The Education Ministry Key Lab of Resource Chemistry and Shanghai Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Functional MaterialsShanghai Normal UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Lab of Eco-textiles of Ministry of Education, College of Textiles and ClothingJiangnan UniversityWuxiPeople’s Republic of China

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