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Cellulose

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 2625–2646 | Cite as

Hydrophobic waterborne coating for cellulose containing hybrid organic nanoparticle pigments with vegetable oils

  • Pieter Samyn
  • Gustaaf Schoukens
  • Dirk Stanssens
  • Leo Vonck
  • Henk Van den Abbeele
Original Paper

Abstract

Vegetable oils were combined with recent nanotechnology as a sustainable method for tuning the hydrophobicity of cellulose and paper surfaces. Different soy-, sunflower-, corn-, castor-, rapeseed- and hydrogenated oils were incorporated into an aqueous dispersion of hybrid styrene maleimide nanoparticles. Here, we investigate the formation of novel coatings from these dispersions and their performance on paper and paperboard, compared with model aluminum substrates. The coated papers are evaluated by static and dynamic contact angles, microscopy, atomic force microscopy, infrared and Raman spectroscopy. The nanoparticle pigments form a porous coating after drying, while the water repellence and hydrophobicity of paperboard and paper improved with contact angles of 90–99° after drying and 98–112° after ageing. The coatings with poly(unsaturated) oils have best hydrophobicity for dispersions with an optimum viscosity of 115–150 cp required for good coverage of the paper. While homogeneous coverage of the cellulose fibers is a primary requirement, thin coatings often provide higher contact angles on paper due to roughness of the underlaying fibrous surface. After ageing, the coatings are chemically stable without oil leakage and constant imide content, while an increase in contact angles is attributed to variations in coating morphology through local re-arrangements over the paper substrate.

Keywords

Cellulose Paper Coating Hydrophobic Nanoparticle Vegetable oil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

P.S. acknowledges the Robert Bosch Foundation for support as Juniorprofessor in Sustainable Use of Natural Materials (Foresnab-project, 2011–2016), and the State of Baden-Württemberg for financial support in the Juniorprofessorenprogramm (NaCoPa-Project, 2012–2015).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieter Samyn
    • 1
  • Gustaaf Schoukens
    • 2
  • Dirk Stanssens
    • 3
  • Leo Vonck
    • 3
  • Henk Van den Abbeele
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty for Environment and Natural ResourcesAlbert-Lüdwigs-University FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of TextilesGhent UniversityZwijnaardeBelgium
  3. 3.Topchim N.VWommelgemBelgium

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