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Cellulose

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 1623–1633 | Cite as

Chromophores in cellulosics, VI. First isolation and identification of residual chromophores from aged cotton linters

  • Thomas Rosenau
  • Antje Potthast
  • Karin Krainz
  • Yuko Yoneda
  • Thomas Dietz
  • Zenaida Peralta-Inga Shields
  • Alfred D. French
Article

Abstract

In the present work, aged cotton linters have been analyzed for their chromophore content according to the CRI (“chromophore release & identification”) method. Despite the very low contents in the ppb range, nine chromophores have been unambiguously identified, which makes this account the first one on defined chromophoric structures isolated from cotton. A common feature of the chromophores are 2-hydroxy-[1,4]benzoquinone, 2-hydroxyacetophenone and 5,8-dihydroxynaphthoquinone moieties, which resemble chromophoric structures found in other cellulosic substrates, such as bleached pulps or fibers. The finding of these compounds in lignin-free cotton linters confirms the previous hypothesis that those chromophores are formed from (oxidized) carbohydrate structures rather than from lignin fragments.

Keywords

Cellulose Cotton Chromophores Aging Bleaching CRI method Hydroxybenzoquinones Hydroxynaphthoquinones Hydroxyacetophenones Quantum mechanics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Austrian Christian-Doppler-Society for financial support through the “Christian Doppler Laboratory for Advanced Cellulose Chemistry and Analytics”.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Rosenau
    • 1
  • Antje Potthast
    • 1
  • Karin Krainz
    • 1
  • Yuko Yoneda
    • 1
  • Thomas Dietz
    • 2
  • Zenaida Peralta-Inga Shields
    • 3
  • Alfred D. French
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU)ViennaAustria
  2. 2.Degussa, HanauGermany
  3. 3.CleveTheoComp LLCClevelandUSA
  4. 4.Southern Regional Research Center, US Department of AgricultureNew OrleansUSA

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