, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 539–545 | Cite as

Molecular orientation in the Nematic Ordered Cellulose film using polarized FTIR accompanied with a vapor-phase deuteration method

  • Yukako Hishikawa
  • Eiji Togawa
  • Tetsuo Kondo


Previously, the authors reported “Nematic Ordered Cellulose (NOC)” that is a well-ordered state of β-1,4-glucan chains without exhibiting typical X-ray diffraction patterns of any cellulose polymorphs (Togawa and Kondo 1999; Kondo et al. 2001; Kondo 2007). The NOC was prepared by stretching water-swollen gel-like films at the draw ratio of 2.0 to provide highly oriented β-1,4-glucan molecular chains of cellulose, which was proved by the high resolution TEM observation. In this paper, a detailed study of the unique ordered state of the NOC was attempted to characterize orientation of the main chains as well as the OH groups of molecules using polarized FTIR accompanied with a vapor-phase deuteration method. The dichroic analysis suggested that the main chains were fairly oriented in the stretching direction whereas the OH groups remained unoriented. The disordered state of the OH groups regardless of the oriented state for the main chain may hinder the oriented crystallization during the preparation of NOC films.


Nematic ordered cellulose Orientation Polarized FTIR Dichroism Deuteration 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI)TsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental Sciences & Bio-Architecture Center (KBAC)Kyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

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