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Cellulose

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 449–458 | Cite as

Studies on pre-hump and main fractions of cellulose-2,5-acetate in acetone

  • Bodo Saake
  • Martin Zenker
  • Armin Stein
  • Jürgen Puls
Article

Abstract

Technical cellulose-2.5-acetates (CA 2.5) were characterized regarding their carbohydrate composition in comparison to the raw material. The association of the CA 2.5 samples in acetone was studied by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) using various acetone grades and styrene divinylbenzene copolymer columns. In HPLC grade acetone with and without addition of 1% water up to three different pre-humps eluted in front of the main fraction of the polymer. The evaluation of the main peak by light scattering measurements resulted in high molar masses indicating that for these technical CA 2.5 samples even the main fraction is not dissolved without association. No pre-humps or association phenomena were observed after addition of 1 ppm LiBr to HPLC grade acetone or with p.a. grade acetone. In addition pre-hump enriched and pre-hump free fractions were isolated by fractionated precipitation. The carbohydrate composition of these fractions was determined and correlated with their association pattern in SEC investigations.

Key words

Cellulose acetate Hemicellulose Molar mass Pre-hump Size exclusion chromatography 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Mrs Nicole Erasmy and Mr Sascha Lebioda for their excellent technical assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bodo Saake
    • 1
  • Martin Zenker
    • 1
  • Armin Stein
    • 2
  • Jürgen Puls
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Holzchemie und chemische Technologie des HolzesBundesforschungsanstalt für Forst- und HolzwirtschaftHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Rhodia Actow GmbHFreiburgGermany

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