Resonance tongues in the linear Sitnikov equation
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In this paper, we deal with a Hill’s equation, depending on two parameters \(e\in [0,1)\) and \(\varLambda >0\), that has applications to some problems in Celestial Mechanics of the Sitnikov type. Due to the nonlinearity of the eccentricity parameter e and the coexistence problem, the stability diagram in the \((e,\varLambda )\)-plane presents unusual resonance tongues emerging from points \((0,(n/2)^2),\ n=1,2,\ldots \) The tongues bounded by curves of eigenvalues corresponding to \(2\pi \)-periodic solutions collapse into a single curve of coexistence (for which there exist two independent \(2\pi \)-periodic eigenfunctions), whereas the remaining tongues have no pockets and are very thin. Unlike most of the literature related to resonance tongues and Sitnikov-type problems, the study of the tongues is made from a global point of view in the whole range of \(e\in [0,1)\). Indeed, an interesting behavior of the tongues is found: almost all of them concentrate in a small \(\varLambda \)-interval [1, 9 / 8] as \(e\rightarrow 1^-\). We apply the stability diagram of our equation to determine the regions for which the equilibrium of a Sitnikov \((N+1)\)-body problem is stable in the sense of Lyapunov and the regions having symmetric periodic solutions with a given number of zeros. We also study the Lyapunov stability of the equilibrium in the center of mass of a curved Sitnikov problem.
KeywordsSitnikov problem Hill’s equation Resonance tongues N-body problem
I thank Professor Rafael Ortega for guiding me in the development of this paper and for his valuable corrections that helped me to clarify my initial approach.
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