Secondary resonances and the boundary of effective stability of Trojan motions

  • Rocío Isabel Páez
  • Christos Efthymiopoulos
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Close Approaches and Collisions in Planetary Systems


One of the most interesting features in the libration domain of co-orbital motions is the existence of secondary resonances. For some combinations of physical parameters, these resonances occupy a large fraction of the domain of stability and rule the dynamics within the stable tadpole region. In this work, we present an application of a recently introduced ‘basic Hamiltonian model’ \(H_\mathrm{b}\) for Trojan dynamics (Páez and Efthymiopoulos in Celest Mech Dyn Astron 121(2):139, 2015; Páez et al. in Celest Mech Dyn Astron 126:519, 2016): we show that the inner border of the secondary resonance of lowermost order, as defined by \(H_\mathrm{b}\), provides a good estimation of the region in phase space for which the orbits remain regular regardless of the orbital parameters of the system. The computation of this boundary is straightforward by combining a resonant normal form calculation in conjunction with an ‘asymmetric expansion’ of the Hamiltonian around the libration points, which speeds up convergence. Applications to the determination of the effective stability domain for exoplanetary Trojans (planet-sized objects or asteroids) which may accompany giant exoplanets are discussed.


Trojan dynamics Resonant dynamics Celestial Mechanics Perturbation theory Normal form 



Useful discussions with Prof. U. Locatelli are gratefully acknowledged. R.I.P. was supported by the Research Comittee of the Academy of Athens, under the Grant 200/854.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for Astronomy and Applied MathematicsAcademy of AthensAthensGreece

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