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Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 366–387 | Cite as

Psychological Treatments for Mental Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Review of the Evidence of Leading International Organizations

  • Mario Gálvez-Lara
  • Jorge Corpas
  • Eliana Moreno
  • José F. Venceslá
  • Araceli Sánchez-Raya
  • Juan A. Moriana
Article

Abstract

In recent decades, the evidence on psychological treatments for children and adolescents has increased considerably. Several organizations have proposed different criteria to evaluate the evidence of psychological treatment in this age group. The aim of this study was to analyze evidence-based treatments drawn from RCTs, reviews, meta-analyses, guides and lists provided by four leading international organizations. The institutions reviewed were the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (Division 53) of the American Psychological Association, Cochrane Collaboration and the Australian Psychological Society in relation to mental disorders in children and adolescents. A total of 137 treatments were analyzed for 17 mental disorders and compared to determine the level of agreement among the organizations. The results indicate that, in most cases, there is little agreement among organizations and that there are several discrepancies within certain disorders. These results require reflection on the meaning attributed to evidence-based treatments with regard to psychological treatments in children and adolescents. The possible reasons for these differences could be explained by a combination of different issues: the procedures or committees may be biased, different studies were reviewed, different criteria are used by the organizations or the reviews of existing evidence were conducted in different time periods.

Keywords

Psychological treatments Child and adolescent mental disorders Evidence-based psychology Review article 

Notes

Funding

This work was supported by a Grant from the Government of Spain (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad) (Grant Number PSI2014-56368-R).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors of this review have any conflicts of interest to declare.

Ethical Approval

This article does not include any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CórdobaCórdobaSpain
  2. 2.Maimonides Institute for Research in Biomedicine of Córdoba (IMIBIC)CórdobaSpain
  3. 3.Reina Sofía University HospitalCórdobaSpain

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