Treatment Foster Care Pre-service Trainings: Changes in Parenting Attitudes and Fostering Readiness
- 340 Downloads
Pre-service training of treatment parents is a requirement for all foster care models to ensure safety and well-being of children in care. Researchers theorize treatment parents benefit more from enhanced pre-service trainings; however, no rigorous studies exist indicating the effectiveness of these trainings for treatment parents.
This quasi-experimental study aimed to determine if an enhanced pre-service training developed for treatment parents (n = 71) is more effective than a basic pre-service training (n = 81) in increasing their parenting attitudes, personal dedication and willingness to provide foster care, and licensing rates.
Secondary data analyses were performed on an archival dataset that included demographic information and training participant scores from three standardized measurements before and after pre-service trainings: Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory (AAPI-2), Personal Dedication to Fostering Scale, and Willingness to Foster Scale. Licensing status as a treatment parent at the end of the pre-service training was also available in the dataset.
Pre/post analyses revealed enhanced pre-service training participants experienced significantly more change in two parenting constructs, and basic pre-service training participants experienced significantly more change in one parenting construct. There were no significant differences between groups in changes in personal dedication or willingness to provide foster care. Enhanced pre-service training participants were significantly more likely to become licensed as treatment parents than basic pre-service training participants.
The findings suggest an enhanced pre-service training may have potential impact on changing some parenting attitudes and an increased licensing status as a treatment parent.
KeywordsPre-service training Treatment foster care Foster care training outcomes Foster parent competencies
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
This study was approved as an exempt study by Duquesne University’s Institutional Review Board, there was no interaction with research participants.
Access to Data
The first author takes responsibility for the integrity and accuracy of the data analysis.
- Bavolek, S., & Keene, R. G. (1999). Adult-Adolescent Parenting Inventory AAPI-2: Administration and development handbook. Park City, Utah: Family Development Resources.Google Scholar
- Bryant, B., & Snodgrass, R. D. (1990). Therapeutic foster care: Past and present. In P. Meadowcroft & B. A. Trout (Eds.), Troubled youth in treatment homes: A handbook of therapeutic foster care (pp. 1–20). Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.Google Scholar
- Burge, D. A. (2006). Pressley Ridge treatment foster care: Trainer resource manual. Pittsburgh, PA: Pressley Ridge Institute.Google Scholar
- Chamberlain, P. (1994). Family connections: A treatment foster care model for adolescents with delinquency. Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- Chamberlain, P., & Mihalic, S. (1998). Blueprints for violence prevention, book eight: Multidimensional treatment foster care. Boulder, CO: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.Google Scholar
- Christenson, B., & McMurtry, J. (2007). A comparative evaluation of preservice training of kinship and nonkinship foster/adoptive families. Child Welfare League of America, 86(2), 125–140.Google Scholar
- Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Gast, D. L., & Ledford, J. R. (2014). Single case research methodology: Applications in special education and behavioral sciences. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hedeker, D., & Gibbons, R. D. (2006). Longitudinal data analysis. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Meadowcroft, P. A., & Grealish, E. M. (1990). Training and supporting treatment parents. In P. Meadowcroft & B. A. Trout (Eds.), Troubled youth in treatment homes: A handbook of therapeutic foster care (pp. 64–86). Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.Google Scholar
- Orme, J. G., Cherry, D. J., & Cox, M. E. (2006a). Foster fathers CFAI-A and CHAP-SR. Technical manual. Knoxville: University of Tennessee, Children’s Mental Health Services Research Center.Google Scholar
- Orme, J. G., Cox, M. E., Rhodes, K. W., Coakley, T. M., Cuddeback, G. S., & Buehler, C. (2006b). Casey Home Assessment Protocol: Technical manual. Knoxville: University of Tennessee, Children’s Mental Health Services Research Center.Google Scholar
- Piescher, K. N., Schmidt, M., & LaLiberte, T. (2008). Evidence-based practice in foster parent training and support: Implications for treatment foster care providers. New York: Foster Family-Based Treatment Association.Google Scholar