Child & Youth Care Forum

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 585–597 | Cite as

Patterns of Victimization Locations in Elementary School Children: Effects of Grade Level and Gender

  • Paula J. Fite
  • Anne Williford
  • John L. Cooley
  • Kathryn DePaolis
  • Sonia L. Rubens
  • Eric M. Vernberg
Original Paper



Little research has examined the locations in which youth are victimized, particularly outside the school context. Further, it is not clear if the locations in which youth are victimized vary as a function of grade level or gender.


The goals of the current study were to: (1) Determine the locations inside and outside of the school context in which elementary school students are most likely to report being victimized, and (2) Examine whether the locations in which victimization takes place varies by grade level and gender.


Associations were examined in a sample of 186 2nd thru 5th grade students (52 % male) who reported experiencing victimization.


The playground was the most common place in which victimization was reported, followed by home and the neighborhood. Boys were more likely than girls to report being victimized on the bus or during a sporting activity, while girls were more likely than boys to report being victimized at home. No grade level effects were found, suggesting that specific locations of victimization did not become more or less evident at older grade levels.


Findings indicate that there are many locations inside and outside the school context that need to be further monitored for the prevention of victimization and that gender differences may need to be considered.


Victimization Locations Grade and gender differences 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula J. Fite
    • 1
  • Anne Williford
    • 2
  • John L. Cooley
    • 1
  • Kathryn DePaolis
    • 2
  • Sonia L. Rubens
    • 1
  • Eric M. Vernberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Child Psychology ProgramUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.School of Social WelfareUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA

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