An Attachment Parenting Intervention to Prevent Adolescents’ Problem Behaviors: A Pilot Study in Italy
- 1.1k Downloads
In spite of the proven effectiveness of parenting based programs to prevent adolescent risk behaviors, such programs are rarely implemented in Mediterranean countries.
This pilot study was aimed at assessing the feasibility and the effects of a parenting based universal prevention program (Connect) in Italy.
Our sample comprised 147 mothers and 147 youths, aged 11–14 (M = 12.46, SD = .72). We adopted a quasi-experimental design. Forty percent of the parents in the sample were in the intervention condition (receiving 10 one hour lessons a week). ANCOVAs and Cohen’s d coefficients were used to compute intervention effects.
The results showed that, despite difficulty in recruiting parents, the program held promising effects regarding the prevention of alcohol use at a universal level (Cohen’s d = .55); the intervention also marginally decreased the level of non-empathic answers from parents, at least in the short term (Cohen’s d = .32).
This study highlighted the importance of focusing on families to prevent problem behaviors in adolescence. It also points to the need for new strategies to engage parents in universal prevention.
KeywordsParenting intervention Tobacco use Alcohol use Early adolescence Attachment
The research was supported by a Marie Curie Intra European Fellowship to the lead author within the confines of the 7th European Community Framework Programme. We would like to thank Professor Marlene Moretti for her valuable supervision during implementation of the intervention.
- Barber, B. K., Stolz, H. E., Olsen, J. A., Collins, W. A., & Burchinal, M. (2005). Parental support, psychological control, and behavioral control: Assessing relevance across time, culture, and method. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 70(4), 1–147.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bonino, S., Cattelino, E., & Ciairano, S. (2006). Italy. In J. J. Arnett (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Adolescence (Vol. 2, pp. 510–523). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Bowlby, J. (Ed.). (1973). Attachment and loss. New York:Basic Books.Google Scholar
- Coffano, E. (2010). Guadagnare Salute in adolescenza: ricognizione delle esperienze di prevenzione e promozione della salute in Italia Report Finale (Gaining Health: experiences of prevention and health promotion in Italy, Final Report). Available from http://www.dors.it/public/ar3601/REPORT_progettoAdolescenti.pdf.
- Cohen, J. (Ed.). (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Colvin, A., Eyberg, S., & Adams, C. (1998). Restandardization of the Eyberg child behaviour inventory. In A. Colvin, S. Eyberg & C. Adams (Eds.), Retrieved from http://www.pcit.org.
- Eisner, M., & Meidert, U. (2011). Stages of parental engagement in a universal parent training program. Journal of Primary Prevention. doi: 10.1007/s10935-011-0238-8.
- Ferrer-Wreder, L., Stattin, H., Cass Lorente, C., Tubman, J. G., & Adamson, L. (Eds.). (2003). Successful prevention and youth development programs across borders. New York: Kluwer.Google Scholar
- Heinrichs, N., Bertram, H., Kuschel, A., & Hahlweg, K. (2005). Parent recruitment and retention in a universal prevention program for child behavior and emotional problems: Barriers to research and program participation. Prevention Science, 6(4), 275–286. doi: 10.1007/s11121-005-0006-1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Hibell, B., Guttormsson, U., Ahlström, S., Balakireva, O., Bjarnason, T., Kokkevi, A., et al. (2009). The 2007 ESPAD report: Substance use among students in 35 European Countries. Stockholm: Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and other Drugs.Google Scholar
- Johnston, C., & Mash, E. J. (1989). A measure of parenting satisfaction and efficacy. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 18(2), 167–175.Google Scholar
- Kohli, M., Künemund, H., & Vogel, C. (2005). Family structure, proximity and contact. In A. Börsch-Supan (Ed.), Health, ageing and retirement in Europe: First results from the survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe (pp. 164–170). Mannheim: MEA.Google Scholar
- Moretti, M., Holland, R., Braber, K., Cross, S., & Obsuth, I. (2005). Connect: Working with parents from an attachment perspective. Vancouver, BC: Frasez University.Google Scholar
- Pettersson, C., Lindén-Boström, M., & Eriksson, C. (2009). Reasons for non-participation in a parental program concerning underage drinking: A mixed-method study. BMC Public Health, 9, 478. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-478.
- Spoth, R., Redmond, C., & Shin, C. (2000). Modeling factors influencing enrollment in family-focused preventive intervention research. Modeling Factors Influencing Enrollment in Family-Focused Preventive Intervention Research, 1(4), 213–225.Google Scholar
- Spoth, R., Shin, C., Guyll, M., Redmond, C., & Azevedo, K. (2006). Universality of effects: An examination of the comparability of long-term family intervention effects on substance use across risk-related subgroups. Prevention Science, 7(2), 209–224. doi: 10.1007/s11121-006-0036-3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar