Child and Youth Care Forum

, Volume 35, Issue 5–6, pp 411–426 | Cite as

Caregiving Strategies for Reducing Aggression and Violence in At-risk Mothers and their Babies

Original Paper


This paper describes a qualitative study of a successful, integrated childcare program for infants and toddlers of young mothers, its support of young at-risk mothers’ effective parenting, and its promotion of the ability in young children to self-regulate aggressive behavior. This program shows how caregiving practice can contribute to the modeling of positive social interactions that foster young children’s ability to self-regulate their use of aggression towards others.


Self-regulated behavior Violence prevention Primary caregiving Early childhood 


  1. Ainsworth, M., & Bell, S. (1977). Infant crying and maternal responsiveness: A rejoinder to Gewirtz and Boyd. Child Development, 48, 1208–1216.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bai, H. (1998). Autonomy reconsidered: A proposal to abandon the language of self- and other-control and to adopt the language of “attunement.” Philosophy of Education Society Yearbook. Retrieved January 31, 2006 from Scholar
  3. Bateson, M. (2000). Full circles, overlapping lives: Culture and generation in transition. New York: Ballatine Books.Google Scholar
  4. Doherty, G., Lero, D., Goelman, H., LaGrange, A., & Tougas, J. (2000). You bet I care! A Canada-wide study on wages, working conditions, and practice in child care centres. Guelph, ON: Centre for Families, Work, and Well-being.Google Scholar
  5. Domasio, A. (1999). The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  6. Elliot, E. (2006). We’re not robots. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  7. Gerber M. (Ed.). (1979). Manual for parents and professionals. Los Angeles: Resources for Infant Educarers.Google Scholar
  8. Hartup, W. (2005). The development of aggression: Where do we stand? In R. Tremblay, W. Hartup, & J. Archer (Eds.), Developmental origins of aggression (pp. 3–22). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  9. Howes, C., & Smith, E. (1995). Relations among child care quality, teacher behavior, children’s play activities, emotional security, and cognitive activity in child care. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 10(3), 381–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Morgan, A., & Lilienfeld, S. (2000). A meta-analytic review of the relation between antisocial behavior and neuropsychological measures of executive function. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 113–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Reis A. J., & Roth J. A. (Eds.). (1993). Understanding and preventing violence. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
  12. Séguin J., & Zelazo, P. (2005). Executive function in early physical aggression. In R. Tremblay, W. Hartup, & J. Archer (Eds.), Developmental origins of aggression (pp. 307–329). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  13. Shonkoff, J., & Phillips, D. (Eds.). (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early childhood development. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  14. Tremblay, R. (2003). Why socialization fails: The case of chronic physical aggression. In B. Lahey, T. Moffitt, & A. Caspi (Eds.), Causes of conduct disorder and juvenile delinquency (pp. 182–224). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  15. Tremblay, R., & Nagin, D. (2005). The developmental origins of physical aggression in humans. In R. Tremblay, W. Hartup, & J. Archer (Eds.), Developmental origins of aggression (pp. 83–106). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  16. Walker, S. (2005). Gender differences in the relationship between young children’s peer-related social competence and individual differences in Theory of Mind. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 166(3), 297–312.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Whitmer, B. (1997). The violence mythos. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  18. Zoccolillo, M., Wakschlag, L., Baillargeon, R., Boivin, M., Pérusse, D., Vermunt, J., & Tremblay, R. (2002, July). Maternal conduct problems, social disadvantage, and age at first birth in a general population. Paper presented at the International Society for Research on Aggression, Montréal.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Victoria VictoriaCanada

Personalised recommendations