Catalysis Surveys from Asia

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 118–122 | Cite as

1,3-Butadiene Production from Bioethanol and Acetaldehyde over Zirconium Oxide Supported on Series Silica Catalysts

  • Meixiang Gao
  • Minhua Zhang
  • Haoxi Jiang


In this paper a series of zirconium oxide supported on silica composite oxides were studied as catalysts for the production of 1,3-butadiene from bioethanol and acetaldehyde. The highest selectivity observed was 91.43%. Different silica materials with varied pore diameters in the range of 3.6–11.6 nm and the service life of the catalyst have been initially investigated. The catalysts were characterized by a nitrogen adsorption analysis, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron micrography and 29Si solid-state NMR spectroscopy. The catalytic results show that the pore sizes are important factors determining the activity when catalyst contains a subtle balance of the acid and base.

Graphical Abstract


Bioethanol Acetaldehyde 1,3-Butadiene ZrO2 supported on silica materials Surface properties 



The authors thank the key laboratory for green chemical technology of ministry of education and collaborative innovation center of chemical science and engineering, for technical assistance.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, R&D Center for Petrochemical TechnologyTianjin UniversityTianjinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemical Science and EngineeringTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

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