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Catalysis Surveys from Asia

, Volume 17, Issue 3–4, pp 119–131 | Cite as

Catalytic Decomposition of Lignin Model Compounds to Aromatics over Acidic Catalysts

  • Hai Woong Park
  • Jeong Kwon Kim
  • Ung Gi Hong
  • Yoon Jae Lee
  • Ji Hwan Song
  • In Kyu Song
Article

Abstract

Recent progress on the catalytic decomposition of lignin model compounds to aromatics was reported in this review. Cesium-exchanged heteropolyacid catalysts (CsxH3.0−xPW12O40), palladium catalysts supported on cesium-exchanged heteropolyacid (Pd/CsxH3.0−xPW12O40), and palladium catalysts supported on various activated carbon aerogels (ACAs) (Pd/ACA-SO3H (X), Pd/XCs2.5H0.5PW12O40/ACA, Pd/CsxH3.0−xPW12O40/ACA, and Pd/Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40/ACA-SO3H) were prepared, and they were employed for the decomposition of C–O bond in lignin to aromatics. Phenethyl phenyl ether, benzyl phenyl ether, and 4-phenoxyphenol were used as dimeric lignin model compounds representing for β-O-4, α-O-4, and 4-O-5 bonds in lignin, respectively. It was observed that CsxH3.0−xPW12O40 and Pd/CsxH3.0−xPW12O40 were highly active for the decomposition of phenethyl phenyl ether and benzyl phenyl ether to aromatics. However, these catalysts showed very low catalytic performance in the decomposition of 4-phenoxyphenol. Palladium catalysts supported on various ACAs (Pd/ACA-SO3H (X), Pd/XCs2.5H0.5PW12O40/ACA, Pd/CsxH3.0−xPW12O40/ACA, and Pd/XCs2.5H0.5PW12O40/ACA-SO3H) were efficient for the decomposition of 4-phenoxyphenol to aromatics. Acidity of the catalysts played a key role in determining the catalytic performance in the decomposition of 4-phenoxyphenol to aromatics.

Keywords

Lignin C–O bond Aromatics Heteropolyacid Sulfonic acid Activated carbon aerogel Palladium catalyst 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (MEST) (NRF-2009-C1AAA001-0093292).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hai Woong Park
    • 1
  • Jeong Kwon Kim
    • 1
  • Ung Gi Hong
    • 1
  • Yoon Jae Lee
    • 1
  • Ji Hwan Song
    • 1
  • In Kyu Song
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Institute of Chemical ProcessesSeoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

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