Catalysis Letters

, Volume 148, Issue 8, pp 2373–2381 | Cite as

Highly Basic and Dipolar Layered Double Hydroxides Enhance Catalysis of Cyanoethylation of Alcohols

  • Mariana Díaz
  • Alejandra Santana Cruz
  • Jorge Flores
  • Ariel Guzmán
  • Enrique Lima


Layered double hydroxides (LDH), magnesium–aluminum–carbonates and magnesium–gallium–aluminum–carbonates, were synthesized by sol–gel incorporating during synthesis a part of aluminum as (AlF6)3− blocks in order to incorporate F as a part of brucite-like layers and not as compensating anions. Structural, textural and surface properties of resulting fluorinated were characterized. Particularly, presence the fluorine as a part of brucite-like layers influenced directly polarity and hydrogen bonding acceptor character at surface of materials. These modifications at surface of LDH greatly changed their catalytic properties. Cyanoethylation reaction between acrylonitrile and methanol was catalyzed by both fluorine-free and fluorinated LDH, pointing out a clear influence of fluorine on the conversion and rate reaction.

Graphical Abstract


Layered double hydroxides Catalysts Basicity Polarity Cyanoethylation 



This work was financially supported by CONACYT (Grant 220436) and PAPIIT-IN106517. We are also grateful to G. Cedillo and A. Tejeda for their technical assistance.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariana Díaz
    • 1
  • Alejandra Santana Cruz
    • 2
  • Jorge Flores
    • 2
  • Ariel Guzmán
    • 3
  • Enrique Lima
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Fisicoquímica y Reactividad de Superficies (LaFReS), Instituto de Investigaciones en MaterialesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, AzcapotzalcoMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Instituto Politécnico Nacional - ESIQIEMexico CityMexico

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