Catalysis Letters

, Volume 148, Issue 2, pp 745–756 | Cite as

Silver Nanoparticles Engineered β-Cyclodextrin/γ-Fe2O3@ Hydroxyapatite Composite: Efficient, Green and Magnetically Retrievable Nanocatalyst for the Aqueous Reduction of Nitroarenes

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Abstract

Ag nanoparticles incorporated β-cyclodextrin conjugated magnetic hydroxyapatite, γ-Fe2O3@HAp-CD.Ag was conveniently synthesized via the grafting of β-cyclodextrin moieties on the hydroxyapatite surface, followed by reacting of the nanocomposite, γ-Fe2O3, with silver nitrate and then its reduction with sodium borohydride. The cavity of β-cyclodextrin units as host material can stabilize the Ag nanoparticles (particles size: 12–14 nm) effectively and prevent their aggregation and separation from the surface. The nanocomposite obtained appears to have an organized structure, with a magnetic γ-Fe2O3 core surrounded by a layer-structured coating shell. The structure and composition of the nanocomposite were confirmed by FT-IR, FE-SEM, TEM, TGA, XRD, EDS, BET, and VSM. This catalytic system selectively reduces the nitro group even in the presence of other sensitive functional groups in good to excellent yields (85–98%).The organometallic nanocatalyst was easily removed from solution using an external magnet and was successfully examined for five runs, with a slight loss of catalytic activity.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

γ-Fe2O3@HAp-CD.Ag Heterogeneous nanocatalyst Reduction of nitroarenes Silver nanoparticle Green chemistry 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Research Council at the Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.

Supplementary material

10562_2017_2272_MOESM1_ESM.docx (166 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 166 KB)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chemistry Department, College of ScienceShahid Chamran University of AhvazAhvazIran
  2. 2.Petroleum Geology and Geochemistry Research Centre (PGGRC)Shahid Chamran University of AhvazAhvazIran

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