Catalysis Letters

, Volume 146, Issue 7, pp 1256–1263 | Cite as

Study on the Preparation and Catalytic Activities of SO4 2− Promoted Metal Oxide Solid Superacid Catalysts for Model Oil Desulfurization

  • Cun Zhang
  • Junchao Zhang
  • Yonggeng Zhao
  • Jingyun Sun
  • Guo Wu


A series of SO4 2− promoted metal oxide solid superacids: SO4 2−/ZrO2–WO3 (SZW), SO4 2−/ZrO2–MoO3 (SZM) and SO4 2−/ZrO2–Cr2O3 (SZC) were prepared by incorporating different metals into SO4 2−/ZrO2 (SZ). The above four catalysts were characterized by Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction and NH3-temperature programmed desorption techniques and scanning electron microscope. Then, they were respectively used as catalysts for oxidative desulfurization for model oil under the same mild conditions. The results exhibited that catalytic activities of SZW, SZM and SZC all increased to different degrees compared with SZ. Among them SZC performed best. Finally, the possible mechanism of this reaction was also presented.

Graphical Abstract


Solid superacid Desulfurization Catalytic oxidation Tetragonal phase 



The authors are very grateful to the Project Funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD) for financial support. And the data in this article is tested and provided by Yangzhou University Testing Center.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cun Zhang
    • 1
  • Junchao Zhang
    • 1
  • Yonggeng Zhao
    • 1
  • Jingyun Sun
    • 1
  • Guo Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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