Catalysis Letters

, Volume 144, Issue 12, pp 2121–2128 | Cite as

Glucose Dehydration to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural by a Combination of a Basic Zirconosilicate and a Solid Acid

  • Chaochao Yue
  • Marcello S. Rigutto
  • Emiel J. M. Hensen


A recently reported layered zirconosilicate Na2ZrSi4O11 displays good activity in the isomerization of glucose to fructose in water at mild conditions. Part of the activity derives from the homogeneous base-catalyzed reaction due to exchange of the sodium ions of the layered zirconosilicate in water. Following ion-exchange, the isomerization is mainly catalyzed by the basic sites of the re-used heterogeneous zirconosilicate catalyst. Combined with the solid acid Amberlyst-15, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) can be produced from glucose in a one-pot reaction. In a THF/H2O mixture solvent system, 5-HMF was obtained with 45 % selectivity at 87 % glucose conversion at a temperature of 180 °C in 1.5 h.

Graphical Abstract


Zirconosilicate 5-hydroxymethylfurfural Glucose isomerization 



The authors thank Shell Global Solutions for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaochao Yue
    • 1
  • Marcello S. Rigutto
    • 2
  • Emiel J. M. Hensen
    • 1
  1. 1.Inorganic Materials ChemistryEindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Shell Global Solutions International B.V.AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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