Catalysis Letters

, Volume 143, Issue 3, pp 289–297 | Cite as

Effects of Alkali Halide Salts on Hydrocarboxylation of Styrene Catalyzed by Water-Soluble Palladium Phosphine Complexes

  • Zhenhong He
  • Zhenshan Hou
  • Yanping Luo
  • Liang Zhou
  • Yuanfeng Liu
  • Wumanjiang Eli


Hydrocarboxylation of styrene catalyzed by water-soluble Pd-TPPTS complexes was investigated. The reaction conditions, including reaction pressure, temperature, time and etc. have a significant influence on the catalytic performance. It was found that the yield of total acids and the selectivity towards 3-phenylpropionic acid were enhanced by adding a suitable amount of alkali metal halide salts. In addition, the reaction mechanism and the role of alkali metal halide salts in the reaction were discussed on the basis of the characterization of 1H NMR and 31P NMR.

Graphical Abstract


Aqueous two-phase system Hydrocarboxylation Palladium-phosphine complexes Alkali metal halide 



The authors are grateful for the support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1179302) and One Hundred Person Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Supplementary material

10562_2013_961_MOESM1_ESM.doc (3.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 3157 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhenhong He
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhenshan Hou
    • 3
  • Yanping Luo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Liang Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuanfeng Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wumanjiang Eli
    • 1
  1. 1.Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics and ChemistryThe Chinese Academy of SciencesUrumqiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Research Institute of Industrial CatalysisEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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