Catalysis Letters

, Volume 128, Issue 1–2, pp 94–100 | Cite as

Improved Automotive NO x Aftertreatment System: Metal Ammine Complexes as NH3 Source for SCR Using Fe-Containing Zeolite Catalysts

  • Tue Johannessen
  • Henning Schmidt
  • Anne Mette Frey
  • Claus Hviid Christensen


Ammonia storage is a challenge in the selective catalytic reduction of NO x in vehicles. We propose a new system, based on metal ammines as the ammonia source. In combination with iron containing zeolites as the SCR catalyst it should be possible to obtain a low temperature system for NO x removal.


SCR NO Metal ammines Ammonia storage Fe-containing zeolites 



The Center for Sustainable and Green Chemistry is sponsored by the Danish National Research Foundation.


  1. 1.
    Pârvulescu VI, Grange P, Delmon B (1998) Catal Today 46:233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hauck P, Jentys A, Lercher JA (2007) Appl Cat B 70:91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Klingstedt F, Arve K, Eraenen K, Murzin DY (2006) Acc Chem Res 39(4):273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Katare SR, Patterson JE, Joseph E, Laing PM (2007) Ind Eng Chem Res 46(8):2445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Matsumoto S (1997) Catal Surv Jpn 1:111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Forzatti P (2000) Catal Today 62(1):51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Koebel M, Elsener M, Kleemann M (2000) Catal Today 59(3–4):335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schlögl R (2003) Angew Chem Int Ed 42(18):2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Appl M (2007) Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of chemical technology: ammonia, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH &Co. KGaA WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kleemann M, Elsener M, Koebel M, Wokaun A (2000) Ind Eng Chem Res 39:4120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Steinbach S, Gruenwald J, Glueckert U, Sattelmayer T (2007) Top Catal 42/43(1–9):99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Piazzesi G, Devadas M, Kröcher O, Elsener M, Wokaun A (2006) Cat Comm 7:600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Birkhold F, Meingast U, et al (2006) Society of automotive engineers SP-2022 (Diesel Exhaust), SP, 229Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Birkhold F, Meingast U, Wassermann P, Deutschmann O (2007) Appl Catal B 70(1–4):119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Elmøe TD, Sørensen RZ, Quaade U, Christensen CH, Nørskov JK, Johannessen T (2006) Chem Eng Sci 61:2618CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Werner A, (1913) Nobel Prize Lecture “On the constitution and configuration of higher-order compounds” Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sørensen RZ, Klerke A et al (2008) J Am Chem Soc (accepted)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Christensen CH, Sørensen RZ, Johannessen T, Quaade UJ, Honkala K, Elmøe T, Køhler R, Nørskov JK (2005) J Mater Chem 15:4106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hummelshøj JS, Sørensen RZ, Kustova MY, Johannessen T, Nørskov JK, Christensen CH (2006) J Am Chem Soc 128:16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Choi B-C, Foster DE (2005) J Ind Eng Chem 11(1):1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhidomirov GM, Shubin AA et al (2004) Computer Modelling of Microporous Materials 201Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wichterlova B (2004) Top Catal 28:131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wichtelova B, Sobalik Z, Dedecek J (2003) Appl Catal B 41:97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Long RQ, Yang RT (1999) J Catal 188:332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ma A-Z, Grünert W (1999) Chem Commun 1:71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Krishna K, Makkee M (2006) Catal Today 114(1):23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Devadas M, Kroecher O, Elsener M, Wokaun A, Mitrikas G, Soeger N, Pfeifer M, Demel Y, Mussmann L (2007) Catal Today 119(1–4):137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Christensen CJH, Madsen C, Houzvicka J, Schmidt I, Carlson A (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122:7116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Janssen AH, Schmidt I, Christensen CJH, Koster AJ, de Jong KP (2003) Micropor Mesopor Mater 65:59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Christensen CJH, Schmidt I, Carlson A, Johannsen K, Herbst K (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:8098CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kustova MY, Hasselriis P, Christensen CH (2004) Catal Lett 96:543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kustova MY, Kustov A, Christensen CH (2005) Stud Surf Sci Catal 158:255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kustova M, Kustova A, Christansen SE, Leth KT, Rasmussen SB, Christensen CH (2006) Catal Commun 7:705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kustov AL, Hansen TW, Kustova M, Christensen CH (2007) Top Catal 45:159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kustov AL, Hansen TW, Kustova M, Christensen CH (2007) Appl Catal B 76:311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Frey AM, Mert S et al (2008) (in preparation)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Long RQ, Yang RT (2002) J Catal 207:274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Chen H-Y, Wang X, Sachtler MH (2000) Appl Catal B 194–195:159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Rahkamaa-Tolonen K, Maunula T, Lomma M, Huuhtanen M, Keiski RL (2005) Catal Today 100(3–4):217CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tue Johannessen
    • 1
  • Henning Schmidt
    • 1
  • Anne Mette Frey
    • 2
  • Claus Hviid Christensen
    • 2
  1. 1.SøborgDenmark
  2. 2.Center for Sustainable and Green Chemistry, Department of Chemistry NanoDTUTechnical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

Personalised recommendations