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Catalysis Letters

, Volume 128, Issue 3–4, pp 256–262 | Cite as

Vanadium Oxide Based Nanostructured Materials: Novel Oxidative Dehydrogenation Catalysts

  • M. Ishaque Khan
  • Sangita Deb
  • Christopher L. Marshall
Article

Abstract

Novel vanadium oxide based catalyst derived from the open-framework solid, [Co3V18O42(H2O)12(XO4)]·24 H2O (X = V, S) (1) catalyses oxidative dehydrogenation of propane to propylene. Catalyst activity was evaluated in the temperature range 250–400 °C with varying gas hourly space velocity (GHSV). At 350 °C and GHSV of 9786 h−1 and at 1.3% propane conversion the selectivity to propylene was 36.8%. The major products obtained were propylene and CO x (CO2 and CO). The ratio of the propylene to CO x depended directly on the catalytic sites present. Thus, as the amount of the catalyst was decreased, the conversion decreased with an increase in the propylene selectivity and a decrease in the selectivity to carbon oxides—CO x . The catalyst has been characterized by temperature programmed reduction and diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS).

Keywords

Oxidative Dehydrogenation Catalysis Propylene Framework solid Polyoxometalates DRIFTS 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Ishaque Khan
    • 1
  • Sangita Deb
    • 1
  • Christopher L. Marshall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological, Chemical and Physical SciencesIllinois Institute of TechnologyChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Chemical Sciences and Engineering DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

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