Catalysis Letters

, Volume 109, Issue 1–2, pp 61–64 | Cite as

Amino-functionalized Ionic Liquid as an Efficient and Recyclable Catalyst for Knoevenagel Reactions in Water



The Knoevenagel condensation of aromatic aldehydes with malononitrile and ethyl cyanoacetate using amino-functionalized ionic liquid, 1-aminoethyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate as catalyst was successfully performed in aqueous media. The catalyst can be recycled and reused at least six times without apparently loss of activity.


functional ionic liquid Knoevenagel reaction catalyst aqueous synthesis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology, Institute of Pesticides & pharmaceuticalsEast China University of Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina

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