The screening of a series of W-based catalysts on different supports i.e. HZSM-5, Hβ, USY and Al2O3 for the dehydroaromatization of methane (DHAM) revealed that HZSM-5 emerged as the best support. Next, the performance of W/HZSM-5 and W-H2SO4/HZSM-5 catalysts for the DHAM reaction was compared to study the effect of acidic treatment in the impregnation method. The results showed that the optimum activity of W-H2SO4/HZSM-5 catalyst exceeded that of W/HZSM-5 catalyst. Finally, the influence of Si/Al ratio in the W-H2SO4/HZSM-5 catalyst was studied and the catalyst with Si/Al ratio = 30 was found to be the most promising for the DHAM reaction. The remarkable activity of the catalyst is attributed to the presence of dual effects: suitable content of octahedral polymeric and tetrahedral monomeric tungstate species accompanied by proper amount and strength of acid sites in the catalyst.
dehydroaromatization methane W-based catalysts tungstate species
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